Vaginal cancer statistics


New cases of vaginal cancer, 2011, UK


Deaths from vaginal cancer, 2012, UK


Preventable cases of vaginal cancer, UK

  • In 2011, around 260 women were diagnosed with vaginal cancer. That is around 5 every week.
  • Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer in the UK, accounting for around 1% of all gynaecological cancers.
  • Incidence of vaginal cancer increases with age, with the highest rates in women aged 85 years and over.

Read more in-depth vaginal cancer incidence statistics

  • 63% of vaginal cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
  • A woman’s risk of developing vaginal cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • Evidence on vaginal cancer risk factors is limited, mainly because this cancer is relatively rare.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main potentially avoidable risk factor for vaginal cancer, linked to an estimated 63% of vaginal cancer cases in the UK. Some other factors may relate to vaginal cancer risk partly because they are related to HPV.
  • Exposure to diethylstilbestrol in utero causes vaginal cancer.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and problems with the immune system may relate to higher vaginal cancer risk, but evidence is unclear.

Read more in-depth vaginal cancer risk factors

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The latest statistics available for vaginal cancer in the UK are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012. Reliable survival data for the UK is currently not available. 

The ICD code Open a glossary item for vaginal cancer is ICD-10 C52.

Overall, the evidence on vaginal cancer risk factors is limited, mainly because of this cancer’s relative rarity. Many studies combine vaginal and vulval cancer in order to obtain a larger number of cases for analysis.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control and cohort studies Open a glossary item are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Vaginal cancer is part of the group 'Gynaecological cancer' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, ovary, other female genital organs, placenta and secondary cancers of ovary.


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