Testicular cancer statistics

Cases

New cases of testicular cancer, 2013, UK

Deaths

Deaths from testicular cancer, 2014, UK

Survival

Survive testicular cancer for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales

Prevention

Preventable cases of testicular cancer are not known as it is not clearly linked to any preventable risk factors

  • There were around 2,300 new cases of testicular cancer in the UK in 2013, that’s more than 6 cases diagnosed every day.
  • Testicular cancer accounts for less than 1% of all new cases in the UK (2013).
  • In males in the UK, testicular cancer is the 16th most common cancer, with around 2,300 cases diagnosed in 2013.
  • Almost half (47%) of testicular cancer cases in the UK each year are diagnosed in males aged under 35 (2011-2013).
  • Since the late 1970s, testicular cancer incidence rates in males have increased by 90% in Great Britain.
  • Over the last decade, testicular cancer incidence rates in males have increased by around a tenth (11%) in the UK.
  • Most testicular cancers occur in descended testicles.
  • 1 in 195 men will be diagnosed with testicular cancer during their lifetime.
  • Testicular cancer in England is less common in males living in the most deprived areas.
  • Testicular cancer is more common in White males than in Asian or Black males.
  • In the UK around 18,600 people were still alive at the end of 2006, up to ten years after being diagnosed with testicular cancer.
  • In Europe, around 21,500 new cases of testicular cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 19th highest in Europe.
  • Worldwide, around 55,300 new cases of testicular cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.

See more in-depth testicular cancer incidence statistics

  • There were around 60 testicular cancer deaths in the UK in 2014, that’s around 1 death every week.
  • Testicular cancer accounts for less than 1% of all cancer deaths in males in the UK (2014).
  • In males in the UK, there were around 60 testicular cancer deaths in 2014.
  • Around half (51%) of testicular cancer deaths in the UK each year are in males aged 49 and under (2012-2014).
  • Mortality rates for testicular cancer in the UK are highest in males aged 90+ (2012-2014).
  • Since the early 1970s, testicular cancer mortality rates in males have decreased by more than four-fifths (82%) in the UK.
  • Over the last decade testicular cancer mortality rates in males have decreased by almost a third (30%) in the UK.
  • Testicular cancer deaths in England are more common in males living in the most deprived areas.
  • In Europe, around 1,600 men were estimated to have died from testicular cancer in 2012. The UK mortality rate is eighth lowest in Europe.
  • Worldwide, around 10,400 men were estimated to have died from testicular cancer in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.

See more in-depth testicular cancer mortality statistics

  • Almost all (98%) men diagnosed with testicular cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • Almost all (98%) men diagnosed with testicular cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for five years or more (2010-11).
  • Around all (99%) men diagnosed with testicular cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for one year or more (2010-11).
  • Almost all men in England diagnosed with testicular cancer aged 15-49 survive their disease for five years or more, compared with more than two-thirds of men diagnosed aged 80 and over (2009-2013).
  • Testicular cancer survival is improving and has increased in the last 40 years in the UK, probably because of combination chemotherapy.
  • In the 1970s, around 7 in 10 men diagnosed with testicular cancer survived their disease beyond ten years, now it's around all men.
  • When diagnosed at its earliest stage, all men with testicular cancer will survive their disease for five years or more, compared with around 8 in 10 men when diagnosed at the latest stage.

See more in-depth testicular cancer survival statistics

  • A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • Testicular cancer is not clearly linked to any preventable risk factors.
  • No modifiable factors have been conclusively linked with testicular cancer risk, though many factors have been studied. The most well-established risk factor for testicular cancer is cryptorchidism.
  • Certain medical conditions and diethylstilbestrol exposure in utero may relate to higher testicular cancer risk, but evidence is unclear.

See more in-depth testicular cancer risk factors

  • 'Two-week wait' is the most common route to diagnosing testicular cancer.
  • ‘Two-week wait’ standards are met by all countries, ‘31-day wait’ and ‘62 day wait’ are not met by any country for urological cancers.
  • Almost 9 in 10 patients had a ‘very good’ or ‘excellent’ patient experience.
  • More than 8 in 10 of patients are given the name of their Clinical Nurse Specialist.

See more in-depth testicular cancer diagnosis and treatment statistics

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The latest statistics available for testicular cancer in the UK are; incidence 2013, mortality 2014 and survival 2010-2011 (all ages combined) and 2009-2013 (by age).

The ICD code Open a glossary item for testicular cancer is ICD-10 C62.

European Age-Standardised Rates were calculated using the 1976 European Standard Population (ESP) unless otherwise stated as calculated with ESP2013. ASRs calculated with ESP2013 are not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

Lifetime risk estimates were calculated using incidence, mortality, population and all-cause mortality data for 2012.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages, stages Open a glossary item and co-morbidities Open a glossary item. The survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.

Survival by stage is not yet routinely available for the UK due to inconsistencies in the collecting and recording of staging data in the past. Survival by stage is available for the former Anglia Cancer Network in the east of England, however. The former Anglia Cancer Network covers around 5% of the population of England and may not be representative of the country as a whole due to differences in underlying demographic factors (such as age, deprivation or ethnicity), as well as variation in local healthcare provision standards and policies.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control and cohort studies are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

Routes to diagnosis statistics were calculated from cases of cancer registered in England which were diagnosed in 2012-2013.

Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Testicular cancer is part of the group 'Urological cancer' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: penis, prostate, testis, other and unspecified male genital organs, kidney, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, other and unspecified urinary organs, secondary cancers of kidney, renal pelvis, bladder and other unspecified urinary organs.

Patient Experience data is for adult patients in England with a primary diagnosis of cancer, who were in active treatment between September and November 2013 and who completed a survey in 2014.

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using incidence data for three time periods: 1996-2000, 2001-2005 and 2006-2010 and for mortality for two time periods: 2002-2006 and 2007-2011. The 1997-2001 mortality data were only used for the all cancers combined group as this time period includes the change in coding from ICD-9 to ICD-10. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.

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