- Kidney cancer is the eighth most common cancer in the UK.
- Around 10,100 people in the UK were diagnosed with kidney cancer in 2011, that’s 28 every day.
- Kidney cancer is the seventh most common cancer in men in the UK, with around 6,300 new cases diagnosed in the UK in 2011.
- Kidney cancer is the 10th most common cancer in women in the UK, with around 3,900 new cases diagnosed in the UK in 2011.
- Three-quarters of new cases of kidney cancer are diagnosed in people aged 60 and over.
- Kidney cancer incidence rates in Britain have more than doubled since the mid-1970s.
- In the last ten years kidney cancer incidence rates in the UK have increased by almost a third.
- Kidney cancer has poor staging completeness so it is not clear at which stage most cases are diagnosed.
- In Europe, more than 115,000 new cases of kidney cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 19th lowest in Europe for males and 17th highest for females.
- Worldwide, around 338,000 people were diagnosed with kidney cancer in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
Kidney cancer statistics
New cases of kidney cancer, 2011, UK
Deaths from kidney cancer, 2012, UK
Survive kidney cancer for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales
Preventable cases of kidney cancer, UK
- Kidney cancer is the fourteenth most common cause of cancer death in the UK.
- Around 4,300 people died from kidney cancer in 2012 in the UK, that’s more than 11 people every day.
- Three-quarters of deaths from kidney cancer are in people aged 65 and over.
- Since the early-1970s, kidney cancer death rates in the UK have increased by half.
- In Europe, around 49,000 people were estimated to have died from kidney cancer in 2012. The UK mortality rate is 20th lowest in Europe for males and 12th highest for females.
- Worldwide, more than 143,000 people were estimated to have died from kidney cancer in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.
- Half of people diagnosed with kidney cancer are now likely to survive their disease for at least ten years.
- More than half of people diagnosed with kidney cancer survive their disease for at least five years after diagnosis.
- Ten-year survival for kidney cancer has more than doubled in the last forty years.
- 42% (47% in males and 34% in females) of kidney cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
- A person’s risk of developing kidney cancer depends on many factors, including age,genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
- An estimated 42% of kidney cancers in the UK are linked to lifestyle factors including smoking (24%) and overweight and obesity (24%).
- Ionising radiation, certain occupational exposures, and certain medicines cause kidney cancer.
- Certain medical conditions and inadequate physical activity may relate to higher kidney cancer risk.
- GP referral (not ‘two week wait’) is the most common route to diagnosis of kidney cancer.
- ‘Two-week wait’ standards are met by all countries, ‘31-day wait’ and ‘62-day wait’ are not met by any country for urological cancers.
The latest statistics available for kidney cancer in the UK are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012 and survival 2010-2011.
Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages,
Stage at diagnosis data is not yet routinely available for the UK due to inconsistencies in the collecting and recording of staging data in the past.
Risk factor evidence is for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) unless otherwise specified.
Routes to diagnosis statistics were calculated from cases of cancer registered in England which were diagnosed in 2006-2010.
Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Kidney cancer is part of the group 'Urological cancer' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: penis, prostate, testis, other and unspecified male genital organs, kidney, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, other and unspecified urinary organs, secondary cancers of kidney, renal pelvis, bladder and other unspecified urinary organs.
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