Kidney cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from kidney cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage kidney cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of kidney cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Kidney cancer mortality rates have increased by 71% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Kidney cancer is the 13th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (3% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the 14th most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (2% of all female cancer deaths).

In 2014, there were 4,421 kidney cancer deaths in the UK: 2,774 (63%) in males and 1,647 (37%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 17:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate shows that there are 9 kidney cancer  deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 5 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) are significantly higher in Scotland compared with England for both males and females.[1-3] The mortality rate in Scotland is also significantly higher than that in Northern Ireland for females only.[1-3] There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.

Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 2,240 166 303 65 2,774
Crude Rate 8.4 10.9 11.7 7.2 8.7
AS Rate 10.3 12.2 13.8 10.0 10.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 9.9 10.3 12.2 7.6 10.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 10.8 14.0 15.3 12.5 11.1
Female Deaths 1,343 84 188 32 1,647
Crude Rate 4.9 5.3 6.8 3.4 5.0
AS Rate 4.8 4.8 6.7 3.8 5.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.6 3.8 5.7 2.5 4.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 5.1 5.9 7.7 5.2 5.2
Persons Deaths 3,583 250 491 97 4,421
Crude Rate 6.6 8.1 9.2 5.3 6.8
AS Rate 7.3 8.0 9.8 6.5 7.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 7.0 7.0 9.0 5.2 7.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.5 9.0 10.7 7.8 7.7

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

Kidney cancer (ICD-10 C64 only) mortality rates throughout the UK show very little variation between health boundaries for both males and females.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN;2008.
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Kidney cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year around half (51%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 40-44, and more sharply from around age 65-69, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group in both sexes. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females aged 40-44 and over, and this gap is widest at the ages of 45-49, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 28:10.[1-3]

Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Kidney cancer mortality rates have increased by 71% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall increase for males than females.

For males, European Age-Standardised (AS) mortality rates increased by 71% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014. For females, rates increased by 65% in this period.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), kidney cancer AS mortality rates have increased by 6% for males and females combined, however this includes an increase in males (6%) and stable rates in females.[1-3]

Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Kidney cancer mortality rates have increased overall in people aged 60-69 and over in the UK since the early 1970s, but have remained stable in people aged between 25-49 and 50-59, and have decreased in people aged 0-24.[1-3] The largest increases have been in people aged 80+, with rates more than tripling between 1971-1973 and 2010-2014.

Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Persons, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between kidney cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 28% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 44% higher for females.[1]

Kidney Cancer (C64-C66, C68), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in kidney cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 340 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Kidney cancer (C44-C66) is the 10th most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 49,000 deaths from kidney cancer in 2012 (3% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised mortality rates for kidney cancer are in Lithuania for men and the Czech Republic for women; the lowest rates are in Cyprus for men and Luxembourg for women. UK Kidney cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 20th lowest in males in Europe, and 12th highest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Kidney cancer (C44-C66) is the 16th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with more than 143,000 deaths from kidney cancer in 2012 (2% of the total). Kidney cancer mortality rates are highest in Central and Eastern Europe and lowest in Micronesia and Polynesia, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

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