Bone sarcoma statistics

Cases

New cases of bone sarcoma, 2011, UK

Deaths

Deaths from bone sarcoma, 2012, UK

Survival

Survive bone sarcoma for 5 or more years, 2001-2005, England

Prevention

Preventable cases of bone sarcoma, UK

  • Around 560 people were diagnosed with bone sarcoma in 2011 in the UK, that’s more than 1 person every day.
  • Bone sarcoma can develop at any age, but are most common in older people. Around 1 in 7 (14%) bone sarcomas are diagnosed in people aged 75 and over.
  • Almost 3 out of 10 bone sarcomas occur in children, teenagers and young adults (up to age 24).
  • Malignant bone tumours account for 4% of childhood cancers and 5% of teenage and young adult cancers.
  • Bone sarcoma incidence rates have remained stable overall in Great Britain since the mid-1970s, though this trend includes a decrease followed by an increase. This increase probably reflects improved diagnostic techniques and reporting rather than a true increase in incidence, however.

Read more in-depth bone sarcoma incidence statistics

  • In the UK there were around 250 deaths from bone sarcoma in 2012, nearly 5 people every week.
  • Around a quarter of bone sarcoma deaths occur in people aged 75 and over, and a further quarter occur in people under 30.
  • Bone sarcoma death rates in the UK have remained stable over the last decade.

Read more in-depth bone sarcoma mortality statistics

  • Bone sarcoma survival has remained relatively stable in the last 25 years. Today, 56% of people in the UK survive their disease for at least five years.
  • Survival in England varies by bone sarcoma subtype. The proportion of patients surviving their disease for at least five years ranges from around 42% for osteosarcoma to around 68% for chondrosarcoma.
  • For children, survival for bone tumours has more than doubled since the late 1960s. Around 6 in 10 children now survive their disease for at least five years.
  • Today more than 5 in 10 teenagers and young adults survive their bone tumour for at least five years.

More in-depth bone sarcoma survival statistics are coming soon

  • Less than 1% of bone sarcoma cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
  • A person’s risk of developing bone sarcoma depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • Evidence on bone sarcoma risk factors is limited, mainly because this cancer is relatively rare and comprises many subtypes.
  • Some forms of ionising radiation cause bone sarcoma.
  • Previous cancer treatment, larger body size, and certain medical conditions may relate to higher bone sarcoma risk.

Read more in-depth bone sarcoma risk factors

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The latest statistics for bone sarcoma in the UK are; incidence 2011, and mortality 2012. Limited survival data are published. 

The ICD codes Open a glossary item for bone sarcoma are ICD-10 C40-C41.

Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages, stages Open a glossary item and co-morbidities Open a glossary item. The survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics.

Overall, the evidence on bone sarcoma risk factors is limited, mainly because of the relative rarity and diversity of this group of cancers. Studies which group together different morphological subtypes of bone sarcoma may be confounded if those subtypes have differing aetiologies. Where available, evidence from studies which define bone sarcomas by tumour morphology are cited; if studies define by ICD-9 or ICD-10 anatomical site only this is noted.

Meta-analyses Open a glossary item and systematic reviews Open a glossary item are cited where available, as they provide the best overview of all available research and most take study quality into account. Individual case-control and cohort studies Open a glossary item are reported where such aggregated data are lacking.

Cancer waiting times statistics are for patients who entered the health care system within financial year 2014-15. Bone sarcoma is part of the group 'Sarcoma' for cancer waiting times data. Codes vary per country but broadly include: bone and articular cartilage, Kaposi sarcoma, retroperitoneum and peritoneum, other connective and soft tissue, secondary cancers of retroperitoneum and peritoneum, secondary cancers of bone and bone marrow.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the essential work of the cancer registries in the United Kingdom and Ireland Association of Cancer Registries, without which there would be no data.

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