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Hodgkin lymphoma survival statistics

One-, five- and ten-year survival statistics for Hodgkin lymphoma by age and trends over time are presented here. The ICD code for Hodgkin lymphoma is ICD-10 C81.

The statistics on these pages give an overall picture of survival. Unless otherwise stated, the statistics include all adults diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma, at all ages, stages and co-morbidities. The survival time experienced by an individual patient may be much higher or lower, depending on specific patient and tumour characteristics. If you are a patient, you will probably find our CancerHelp pages more relevant and useful.

The latest survival statistics available for Hodgkin lymphoma in England are 2005-2009 (followed up to 2010). Find out why these are the latest statistics available.

 

One-, five- and ten-year survival

The latest age-standardised relative survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma in England during 2005-2009 show that 90% of men are expected to survive their disease for at least one year, falling to 82.5% (not age-standardised) surviving five years or more (Table 3.1).1,2 The survival rates for women are similar, with 91.8% expected to survive for one year or more and 84% (not age-standardised) surviving for at least five years. Broadly similar rates have been reported for Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.3-5

Table 3.1: Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Relative Survival Rates, Adults (Aged 15-99), England 2005-2009 and England and Wales 2007

Relative Survival (%)
1 Year 5 Year 10 Year
Sex 2005-2009 2005-2009* 2007**
Male 90.0 82.5 79.4
Female 91.8 84.0 75.9

Download this table XLS (38KB)

*Five-year survival rates are not age-standardised
**Ten-year survival rates have been predicted for patients diagnosed in 2007 (using the hybrid approach)

A common misconception is to treat five-year survival rates as ‘cure’ rates. However, for Hodgkin lymphoma survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis (Table 3.1).1,2

The five-year relative survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma are the third highest of the 21 most common cancers in England.1 The relatively high survival rate for Hodgkin lymphoma is a result of improvements in treatment over time. In particular to advances in radiotherapy technology, as well as more effective combinations of anti-cancer drugs.6

section reviewed 26/06/12
section updated 26/06/12

 

By age

As with nearly all cancers, relative survival for Hodgkin lymphoma is higher in younger men and women, even after taking account of the higher background mortality in older people. The reasons for this are likely to include a combination of better general health, more effective response to treatment and earlier diagnosis in younger people overall.

The five-year relative survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma in men in England during 2005-2009 ranged from 93% in 15-39 year olds to 19% in 80-99 year olds (Figure 3.1).1 Relative survival was similar in women for most of the age groups, ranging from 93% in 15-39 year olds to 27% in 80-99 year olds.

Figure 3.1: Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Five-Year Relative Survival Rates by Age*, England 2005-2009

surv_5yr_age_hl.swf

Download this chart XLS (63KB)

*Figure for females aged 50-59 not available

section reviewed 26/06/12
section updated 26/06/12

 

Trends over time

As with the majority of cancers, relative survival for Hodgkin lymphoma is improving. This can generally be attributed to faster diagnosis and improvements in treatment. One-year relative survival rates have been used as an indicator of early diagnosis, since death before one year may be due to the disease being diagnosed at a late stage. In men, one-year relative survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma increased from 75.0% in England and Wales during 1971-1975 to 90.0% in England during 2005-2009 (Figure 3.2).1,7-9 In women, one-year relative survival rates increased from 79.0% to 91.8% during the same time periods, respectively.

Figure 3.2: Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Age-Standardised One-Year Relative Survival Rates, England and Wales 1971-1995, England 1996-2009

surv_1yr_hl.swf

Download this chart XLS (57KB)

*Survival rates are for England only from 1996 onwards

While relative survival rates are still influenced by early diagnosis after five years, they are also strongly dependent on the success of treatment. In men, five-year relative survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma increased from 55.0% in England and Wales during 1971-1975  to 82.5% (not age-standardised) in England during 2005-2009 (Figure 3.3).1,7-9 In women, five-year relative survival rates increased from 60.0% to 84% (not age-standardised) during the same time periods, respectively.

Figure 3.3: Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Age-Standardised Five-Year Relative Survival Rates, England and Wales 1971-1995, England 1996-2009

surv_5yr_hl.swf

Download this chart XLS (57KB)

*Survival rates are for England only from 1996 onwards
**Survival rates for 2005-2009 are not age-standardised

Ten-year relative survival rates for persons diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma increased from 46% in men and 53% in females in England and Wales during 1971-1972 to a predicted 79% for men and a predicted 76% for women in England and Wales in 2007 (Figure 3.4).2

Figure 3.4: Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Age-Standardised Ten-Year Relative Survival Rates, England and Wales 1971-1991 and Predicted** 2007

surv_10yr_hl.swf

Download this chart XLS (60KB)

*Ten year survival rates have been predicted for patients diagnosed in 2007 (using the hybrid approach)

section reviewed 26/06/12
section updated 26/06/12

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References for Hodgkin's lymphoma survival

  1. For data for 2005-2009: Office for National Statistics (ONS). Cancer survival in England: Patients diagnosed 2005-2009 and followed up to 2010. London: ONS; 2011.
  2. For data for 2007: Coleman MP, et al. Research commissioned by Cancer Research UK, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 2010.
  3. Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit (WCISU). Cancer Survival Trends in Wales 1985-2004. Cardiff: WCISU; 2010.
  4. Information Services Division Scotland (ISD Scotland). Cancer Statistics. Hodgkins Disease. Accessed September 2011.
  5. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry (NICR). Cancer Survival Online Statistics. Hodgkins Lymphoma. Accessed September 2011.
  6. Flowers CR, Armitage JO. A Decade of Progress in Lymphoma: Advances and Continuing Challenges Clin Lymphoma Myeloma. Leuk 2010;10(6):414-23.
  7. For data for 1971-1990: Coleman MP, Babb P, Damiecki P, et al. Cancer Survival Trends in England and Wales, 1971-1995: Deprivation and NHS Region. Series SMPS No 61. London: ONS; 1999.
  8. For data for 1991-1995: Office for National Statistics (ONS). Cancer Survival: England and Wales, 1991-2001, twenty major cancers by age group. London: ONS; 2005.
  9. For data for 1996-2003: Rachet B, Maringe C, Nur U, et al. Population-based cancer survival trends in England and Wales up to 2007. Lancet Oncol 2009;10:351-369. Age-standardised figures were provided by the author on request.
  10. Cancer Research UK. CancerStats report. Survival – England and Wales. London: Cancer Research UK; 2004.
Updated: 3 September 2012