Hodgkin lymphoma mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from Hodgkin lymphoma, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage Hodgkin lymphoma is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of Hodgkin lymphoma deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Hodgkin lymphoma mortality rates have decreased by 70% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Hodgkin lymphoma accounts for less than 1% of cancer deaths in the UK for males and females combined (2014) and is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death.[1-3] In males, it is the 18th most common cause of cancer deaths in the UK (less than 1% of all male cancer deaths), whilst in females it is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death in the UK (less than 1% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 355 Hodgkin lymphoma deaths in the UK: 212 (60%) in males and 143 (40%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 15:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there is less than 1 Hodgkin lymphoma death for every 100,000 males in the UK, and less than 1 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) do not differ significantly between the constituent countries of the UK for males or females.[1-3]

Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 168 11 22 11 212
Crude Rate 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.7
AS Rate 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.7 0.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.7
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.8 1.2 1.4 2.7 0.9
Female Deaths 125 5 12 1 143
Crude Rate 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4
AS Rate 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5
Persons Deaths 293 16 34 12 355
Crude Rate 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5
AS Rate 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.7

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Hodgkin lymphoma mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year more than half (54%) of deaths were in people aged 70 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise gradually from around age 10-14, in both sexes, and then more sharply from around age 55-59, with the highest rates in the 85-89 age group in both sexes. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 50-54, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 35:10.[1-3]

Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm
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Hodgkin lymphoma mortality rates have decreased by 70% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a similar decrease in males and females and in both sexes there has been a decrease followed by a period of stability during this time.

For males, European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates decreased by 73% between 1971-1973 and 2000-2002 and have since remained stable between 2000-2002 and 2012-2014. For females rates decreased by 71% between 1971-1973 and 2000-2002 and have since remained stable between 2000-2002 and 2012.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014),Hodgkin lymphoma AS mortality rates have remained stable in the UK, for males and females combined and separately.[1-3]

Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Hodgkin lymphoma mortality rates have decreased overall in most of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1970s but have remained stable in people aged 80+.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in people aged 25-49, with rates falling by 87% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Persons, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
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Hodgkin lymphoma mortality rates are projected to fall by 26% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 1 death per 100,000 people by 2035.[1] This includes a smaller decrease for males than for females.

For males, Hodgkin lymphoma European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates in the UK are projected to fall by 18% between 2014 and 2035, to 1 death per 100,000 by 2035.[1] For females, rates are projected to fall by 40% between 2014 and 2035, to fewer than 1 death per 100,000 by 2035.[1]

Hodgkin lymphoma (C81), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

 

It is projected that 368 deaths from Hodgkin lymphoma (250 in males, 118 in females) will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C81

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as 'increase' or 'decrease' if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

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There is evidence for an association between Hodgkin lymphoma mortality and deprivation for males in England, but there is no evidence for an association for females.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 59% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, but for females the rates are similar for those living in the least and most deprived areas.[1]

Hodgkin Lymphoma (C81), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in Hodgkin lymphoma mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

It has been estimated that there would have been around 20 more cancer deaths amongst males each year in England during 2007-2011 if all males experienced the same incidence rates as the least deprived.[1

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There were around 4,600 deaths from Hodgkin lymphoma in Europe in 2012 (0.3% of total cancer deaths). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for Hodgkin lymphoma are in Greece for men and Ukraine for women; the lowest rates are in Iceland, Montenegro, Malta and Luxembourg for men and also Montenegro, Malta and Luxembourg for women. UK Hodgkin Lymphoma mortality rates are estimated to be the 19th lowest in males in Europe, and 13th highest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

There were around 25,500 deaths from Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide in 2012 (0.3% or total cancer deaths). Hodgkin lymphoma mortality rates are highest in Western Asia and lowest in Micronesia and Polynesia, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

More information on data quality worldwide

Use our interactive map to explore the data for Hodgkin lymphoma

References

  1. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
  2. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from:http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

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