Young people's cancers mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from young people's cancer, 2014-2016, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage young people's cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014-2016, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in young people's cancers mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Proportion of UK deaths

Cancer causes only 1 in 100 of all deaths in young people

Cancer in young people accounts for less than 1% of all cancer deaths in the UK (2014-2016).[1-3]

57% of young people's cancer deaths in the UK are in males, and 43% are in females.

Young people's cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item) for males and females combined are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Young People's Cancers (C00-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), Average Number of Deaths per Year, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, Ages 15-24, UK, 2014-2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 143 11 7 5 166
Crude Rate 4.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.0
AS Rate 4.1 3.2 3.4 4.4 4.0
AS Rate - 95% LCL 3.7 2.1 1.9 2.2 3.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 4.5 4.2 4.8 6.6 4.3
Female Deaths 101 11 8 4 123
Crude Rate 3.0 3.2 4.0 3.7 3.1
AS Rate 3.0 3.2 4.0 3.7 3.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 2.7 2.1 2.3 1.7 2.8
AS Rate - 95% UCL 3.4 4.3 5.6 5.7 3.4
Persons Deaths 243 21 15 10 289
Crude Rate 3.6 3.2 3.7 4.0 3.6
AS Rate 3.6 3.2 3.7 4.1 3.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 3.3 2.4 2.6 2.6 3.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 3.8 4.0 4.7 5.5 3.8

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on requwest, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C00-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

All young people's cancers includes all malignant tumours (ICD-10 codes: C00-C97), and all benign/uncertain or unknown behaviour brain, other central nervous system and intracranial tumours (ICD-10 codes: D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43 and D44.3-D44.5).

Last reviewed:

The most common causes of cancer death in young people are brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours followed by leukaemia.[1-3]

Routinely-collected mortality data are presented by ICD-10 code. However, this coding framework is generally not appropriate for cancer in young people because it defines tumours using body site rather than cell type, and the latter is more important for cancer in young people. ICD-10 coding is considered reliable for malignant brain and other CNS tumours and leukaemias, in young people.[4]

Young People's Cancers by Cancer Type, Average Number of Deaths per Year, Age 15-24, UK, 2014-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Childhood Cancer Mortality in the UK and Internationally, 2005-2010: www.ncin.org.uk/view?rid=3027

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, Brain ICD-10 C70-C72; Leakaemia ICD-10 C90-C95; Other cancers ICD-10 C00-C69, C73-C90, C96-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5; All cancers combined C00-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

Last reviewed:

European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for cancers in young people males and females combined decreased by 56% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The decrease was larger in males than in females.

For cancers in male young people, AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 58% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For cancers in female young people, AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 53% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), AS mortality rates for cancers in young people males and females combined decreased by 20%.[1-3] In males AS mortality rates decreased by 22%, and in females rates remained stable.

Young People's Cancers (C00-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, Ages15-24, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, C00-C97, D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43, D44.3-D44.5.

All children's cancers includes all benign/uncertain or unknown behaviour brain, other central nervous system and intracranial tumours (ICD-10 codes: D32-D33, D35.2-D35.4, D42-D43 and D44.3-D44.5).

Last reviewed:

Cancer (excluding benign, uncertain and unknown behaviour brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours) is the most common cause of death in women aged 15-24 and accounts for around 16% of all deaths in this group. For men aged 15-24 cancer is the fourth most common cause of death, accounting for 9% of all deaths in this group, although it is the most common cause of death from disease. Despite this, deaths from cancer are still relatively rare in young people aged 15-24, with less than 1% of the total cancer deaths occurring in this age group.[1-3]

References

  1. Office for National Statistics. Mortality Statistics: Deaths registered in England and Wales (Series DR).
  2. General Register Office for Scotland. Vital Events Reference Tables.
  3. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Registrar General Annual Reports.

About this data

See source for ICD codes and other data specifics.

Last reviewed:

Around 27,100 deaths occurred from cancer (excluding benign, uncertain and unknown behaviour brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours) in young people (aged 15-39) in Europe in 2012.[1]

Around 390,000 deaths occurred from cancer (excluding benign, uncertain and unknown behaviour brain, other CNS and intracranial tumours) in young people (aged 15-39) worldwide in 2012.[1]

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Globocan 2012: Estimated Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide in 2012. Accessed June 2014.

About this data

Data is for: Europe, 2012. See source for ICD codes and other data specifics.

Last reviewed:

Cancer stats explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

Citation

You are welcome to reuse this Cancer Research UK content for your own work.
Credit us as authors by referencing Cancer Research UK as the primary source. Suggested styles are:

Web content: Cancer Research UK, full URL of the page, Accessed [month] [year].
Publications: Cancer Research UK ([year of publication]), Name of publication, Cancer Research UK.
Graphics (when reused unaltered): Credit: Cancer Research UK.
Graphics (when recreated with differences): Based on a graphic created by Cancer Research UK.

When Cancer Research UK material is used for commercial reasons, we encourage a donation to our life-saving research.
Send a cheque payable to Cancer Research UK to: Cancer Research UK, Angel Building, 407 St John Street, London, EC1V 4AD or

Donate online

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.

Rate this page:

Currently rated: 1.8 out of 5 based on 14 votes
Thank you!
We've recently made some changes to the site, tell us what you think