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Tests to diagnose

You might have one or more of these tests to work out the cause of your symptoms. 

Examination of your prostate

An examination of your back passage (rectum) involves your doctor feeling inside your rectum using their finger. This procedure is also called a digital rectal exam (DRE).

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test

The PSA test is a blood test. Men with prostate cancer can have a raised level of PSA.

MRI scan

An MRI scan creates pictures using magnetism and radio waves. It can show up abnormal areas in the prostate gland.

Transrectal ultrasound scan (TRUS)

A transrectal ultrasound scan (TRUS) is an examination of the prostate gland using ultrasound.

Transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy

Your doctor might take a sample of tissue from your prostate gland to look for cancer cells. This can be done during a transrectal ultrasound.

Transperineal (template or targeted) biopsy

Your doctor might take small samples of tissue from your prostate to help diagnose prostate cancer. They can do this during a transperineal biopsy.

Tests to stage

The stage of a cancer means how big it is and whether it’s spread.

Last reviewed: 
29 May 2019

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