Decorative image

Stages, types and grades

The tests and scans you have to diagnose your cancer will give some information about:

  • the type of cell the cancer started in and where it began
  • how abnormal the cells look under the microscope (the grade)
  • the size of the cancer and whether it has spread (the stage)

In the UK, doctors use the Gleason system to grade prostate cancer. They might also talk about your Grade Group. This is a new grading system.

You might also be told about the TNM stage, or you may see this on your pathology report. Another way doctors may describe your cancer is as localised, locally advanced or advanced. 

Types of prostate cancer

The type of prostate cancer tells you about the type of cell the cancer started in.

Grades of prostate cancer

The grade of prostate cancer tells you how much the cancer cells look like normal cells under a microscope.

TNM Staging

Find out about tumour, node and metastasis (TNM) staging and treatment.

Localised prostate cancer

Find out about localised prostate cancer and how it might affect you.

Locally advanced prostate cancer

Find out about locally advanced prostate cancer and how it might affect you.

Advanced cancer

Advanced prostate cancer means that a cancer that began in the prostate has spread to another part of the body.

Last reviewed: 
31 May 2019

Information and help