Advanced oesophageal cancer is cancer that started in your oesophagus and has spread to another part of your body. Treatment aims to control the cancer and maintain a good quality of life.
Your doctor might offer you a choice of treatments. They will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment with you.
Advanced stage means your oesophageal cancer has spread. External and internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) can help to control your cancer and reduce symptoms.
There are different targeted and immunotherapy drugs for advanced oesophageal cancer. These include trastuzumab and nivolumab.
Treatments include stretching your food pipe, stents or laser therapy. You might have these with radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
You might have a swollen tummy (ascites) if you have advanced cancer. There are treatments that might help to reduce the build-up of fluid.
Researchers are looking at the diagnosis, early detection and treatment of oesophageal cancer.