The stage of a cancer means how big it is and how far it’s spread. Knowing the stage helps your doctor decide which treatment you need. To find out the stage of your cancer you might need one or two tests.
Find out what a CT scan is, how you have it and what happens after the test.
Find out what an MRI scan is, how you have it and what happens after it.
Combining a PET scan and a CT scan, the PET-CT takes x-ray pictures with a radioactive drug to show overactive cells.
Laparoscopy is a small operation to look inside your tummy (abdomen). Doctors use it to find out if cancer of the food pipe (oesophagus) has spread.