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The main treatments include chemotherapy, steroids and targeted therapy. Your treatment plan depends on the type and stage of myeloma, your symptoms, and general health.

Treatment options

The main treatments for myeloma are chemotherapy, steroids and targeted cancer drugs. You usually have a combination of treatments. Find out about these and how your doctor decides which treatment you need.

Targeted cancer drug treatment

Targeted cancer drugs are treatments that change the way cells work and help the body to control the growth of myeloma. There are a number of different types including bortezomib and thalidomide. 


Information about chemotherapy and the drugs used for myeloma. 

Steroids (dexamethasone, prednisolone, methylprednisolone and hydrocortisone)

Steroids are used in different ways during cancer treatment. Find out about how you might have them, possible side effects and other important information.

Stem cell transplant

High dose chemotherapy destroys cancer cells, but also damages the stem cells that make blood cells in the bone marrow. To replace the stem cells that have been destroyed you have a stem cell transplant. 


Radiotherapy uses high energy rays to kill cancer cells. It uses radiation similar to that used for x-rays.

Treating symptoms

Myeloma can affect you in different ways. There are treatments that can help to control or reduce the symptoms of myeloma.

Follow up

You usually have follow up appointments every few months to check how you are and see whether you have any problems or worries. The appointments also give you the chance to raise any concerns.

Last reviewed: 
20 Sep 2018

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