Find out what stage 4 melanoma skin cancer means and about treatment options.
Stage 4 is part of the number staging system. Stage 4 means that your melanoma is advanced.
These melanomas have spread elsewhere in the body, away from where they started (the primary site) and the nearby lymph nodes.
The most common places for melanoma to spread include the:
- tummy (abdomen)
- distant lymph nodes
The TNM staging system stands for Tumour, Node, Metastasis.
- T describes the size of the tumour
- N describes whether there are any cancer cells in the lymph nodes
- M describes whether the cancer has spread to a different part of the body
In the TNM staging system stage 4 is the same as any T, any N, M1.
The stage of your cancer helps your doctor to decide what treatment you need. Treatment also depends on:
- where the cancer is
- other health conditions
You might have one or more of the following treatments:
- biological therapy
You might have your treatment as part of a clinical trial.