How we keep our information up to date

This page sets out our review policy. It includes information about:

  • who reviews our content and when
  • reader contributions to Cancer Research UK patient information
  • our reviewers
  • a glossary of abbreviations

Who reviews our content and when?

All patient information on the site has been specifically developed by the Cancer Research UK Patient Information Web Team. The information is reviewed before it goes up on the site and is revised regularly in order to keep it up to date.

As well as the team checking the information, up to two expert reviewers see all new sections before they go on the site. They make changes and additions to the text, which are then implemented by the Patient Information Web Team.

Expert reviewers include specialists in the subject area such as doctors, nurses and other allied health care professionals. Our reviewers are listed below.  

For existing content, we have a rolling review programme, aiming to have every section reviewed every 2 to 3 years. For most sections of the site, we carry out internal review and external review alternately. Internal reviews are carried out by members of the Cancer Research UK Information Nurse team or the Patient Information Web team.

Additional updates are made to content between reviews, in line with newly issued or updated NICE or SIGN guidance, new drug licensing, treatment guidelines or major clinical trial results. 

We also have as many sections of the site as possible reviewed by people affected by cancer.

Reader contributions to Cancer Research UK patient information

If you are interested in reviewing a section for us and you have either had cancer yourself or are a close friend or relative of someone who has had cancer, please contact us for more information.

There are guidelines for lay reviewers that you can look at, to give you an idea of what we need and how you can help.

Our expert reviewers

Below is a list of the health professionals that help us review our information. The list includes some past reviewers as well as current reviewers.

Clare Akers, Clinical Nurse Practitioner, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Dr Chris Alcock, FRCR, FRCP, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Oxford Radcliffe Hospital

Dr R Allerton, MD FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton

Mr William Allum, MBChB, MD, FRCS, Consultant in General Surgery, Royal Marsden Hospital (Sutton)

Dr Natalie Attard, MBChB MRCP, Consultant Dermatologist, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Dr Lewis Au, FRACP MBBS BMedSci, Cancer Evolution and Genome Instability Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute and The Skin and Renal Units, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust

Mr Dermot Ball, Network pharmacist, NHS North Central London and West Essex Cancer Commissioning Network

Dr Jim Barber, MA DM MRCP FRCR, Consultant Oncologist, Velindre Cancer Centre

Mr Sanj Bassi, MB ChB FRCS(Eng) FRCS (NeuroSurg), Consultant Neurosurgeon, King's College Hospital, London

Dr Veronique Bataille, MD PhD FRCP Consultant Dermatologist, Hemel Hempstead General Hospital, Herts

Ms Julie Beckerson, Oncology dietitian, Hammersmith Hospital, London

Dr Sam Behjati, BMBCh, PhD, MRCPCH, Honorary Consultant Paediatric Oncologist, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Professor Martin Birchall, MA, MD, FRCS, FRCS(Oto), FRCS (ORL), Professor of Head and Neck Surgery, Royal United Hospital, Bath

Ms Lynda Bramham, Specialist Nurse in travel health, National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC)

Dr Caroline Brammer, MB ChB, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton

Dr John Bridgewater MA, FRCP, PhD, MBBS, Consultant Oncologist, University College London Hospital

Dr Emma Brown, MBBS MRCP MD, Consultant Medical Oncologist, University Hospital Southampton

Professor Leslie Bunt, MBE, BA, PGCert.Ed, LGSM(MT), PhD, FAMI, FRSA, Professor in Music Therapy, University of the West of England, Bristol

Dr Amos Burke, MB ChB, PhD, MA, FRCP Edin, FRCPCH, Consultant Paediatric Oncologist at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge. Associate Lecturer at the University of Cambridge.

Mr Simon Butler-Manuel, MBBS, FRCS, MRCOG, MD, Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford

Mr Simon Carter, MB BS FRCS, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham

Dr Richard Casasola, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee

Ms Rena Chauhan, Highly Specialist Oncology Pharmacist - Cancer Research UK Information Lead, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London

Ms Tara Clancy, Consultant Genetic Counsellor/Lecturer in Medical Genetics, Manchester

Professor Robert Coleman, MBBS, MD, FRCP, FRCPE, Emeritus Professor of Oncology, University of Sheffield

Dr Pippa Corrie, PhD FRCP, Consultant in Oncology, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge

Dr Robin Crawford, MD, FRCS, FRCOG, Consultant Gynaecologist, Addenbrooke's Hospital

Dr Tom Crosby, MBBS, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Velindre Hospital, Cardiff

Mr Ramsey Cutress, MB BCh MA PhD FRCS, Consultant Surgeon and Senior Lecturer in Breast Surgery, Southampton

Professor Brian Davidson, MBChB, MD, FRCS, Consultant HPB and liver transplant surgeon, Royal Free Hospital, London

Catrina Davy, Cancer information specialist, University College London Hospital (UCLH)

Dr Nigel Dowdall, Head of Aviation Health Unit, West Sussex

Mr Nick Duncan MRPharmS, Haematology Pharmacist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Dr Amy Eccles, MA MB BChir (Cantab), FRCR, PG Dip. Consultant Radionuclide Radiologist, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust.

Dr Gemma Eminowicz, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR, MD(Res), Consultant Clinical Oncologist, London

Mrs Sarah Evans, Make up artist 

Prof Alison Fiander, BM MTCOG MSc DM, Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Wales

Dr Rob Finch, Chief Executive, The Royal College of Chiropractors, Reading

Ms Jane Fior, Development Coordinator, Cancer Counselling London

Malene Fischer, MD, PhD, DMSci Senior Clinical Lecturer and Honorary Consultant, School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences KCL, St Thomas' Hospital.

Dr Jonathan Fisher, BM(Hons) BSc(Hons) MClinRes PhD, University College London Institute of Child Health

Ms Catriona M Futter, BSc(Hons), MPhil, MCSP, Senior Physiotherapist, Canniesburn Hospital, Glasgow

Dr Mark Gaze, MD, FRCP, FRCR Consultant clinical oncologist, University College London Hospital

Dr D Gilligan, BSc, MB, BChir, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Oncologist, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge

Dr Rob Glynne Jones, BA, MBBS, FRCP, FRCR, Consultant Oncologist, Mount Vernon Hospital, Middlesex

Professor Larry Goodyer, Head of the Leicester School of Pharmacy

Dr John Graham, MB ChB, FRCP, FRCR, Lead Consultant Oncologist, Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton

Dr Patricia Grocott, Reader in Palliative Wound Care, King's College London

Ms Lorraine Grover, RGN, DipPST, Clinical Nurse Therapist in Sexual Well-being, London

Dr S Grummett, MRCP PhD Consultant and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Medical Oncology, Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust

Professor Richard Grundy, Professor of Paediatric Neuro-oncology and Cancer Biology, University of Nottingham

Mrs Angie Hack, Senior Lecturer, London South Bank University

Dr Angela Halley, MBBS BSc MSc MRCP, Consultant in Palliative Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital

Dr Louise Hanna, BM, BCh, Consultant in Oncology, Velindre Hospital, Cardiff

Professor C Harrison, BM, BCh, MD, FRCP, FRCPath, DM, Professor of myeloproliferative neoplasms, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Dr Helen Hatcher, BSc, MB, BChir, PhD, MRCP, Consultant Medical Consultant, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge

Ms Trina Herbert, Therapy Radiographer, Royal Marsden Hospital

Ms Caroline Hoffman, Clinical and Research Director at The Haven, London

Professor Beverley Hunt, Professor of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Guy & St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London

Dr Wendy Ingram, Consultant Haematologist, The University Hospital of Wales

Dr Helen Innes, BA MD FRCP Consultant Medical Oncologist, Clatterbridge Cancer Centre

Mr Tariq Ismail, MB BCh MD FRCS, Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Dr Sarah Jefferies, BSc, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, PhD, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Cambridge

Dr Chris Jenkins, MBBCh, PCME, FRCPath, MD, FRCP, Consultant Haematologist, Royal Gwent Hospital

Dr Christian Kelly-Morland, Consultant Radiologist, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Cancer Imaging King’s College London School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Science.

Ms Eve Kelsey, D. Hyp, PDCHyp, MBSCH, Registered Clinical Hypnotherapist, Surrey

Dr Bernard Khoo, Ma MBB Chir PhD MRCP, Consultant Endocrinologist, Royal Free Hospital, London

Dr Vincent Khoo, MBBS, MRCP, Consultant in Oncology, Royal Marsden Hospital, London.

Dr Steven Knapper, BA /MA (Hons), BMBCh, MRCP, FRCPath, DM, Clinial Reader in Haematology (Cardiff University School of Medicine) and Honorary Consultant Haematologist (Cardiff and Vale University Health Board)

Ms Clare Lait, BSc(Hons), MCSP, Specialist MSK Oncology Physiotherapist, Berkshire Healthcare Foundation NHS Trust

Mr Loic Lang-Lazdunski, MD PhD FRCS, Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, Guy's Hospital, London

Professor James Larkin, MA MSc PhD, Consultant Medical Oncologist, Royal Marsden Hospital, London

Professor Jonathon Lederman, BSc MD FRCP, Professor of Medical Oncology, University College London Hospital

Professor Siow Ming Lee, PhD FRCP. Consultant and Professor of Medical Oncology, University College London Hospital and CRUK Lung Cancer Centre of Excellence, London.

Mr Eric Lim, MB ChB MSc MD FRCS, Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, Royal Brompton Hospital, London

Ms Nicola Lister, Bone MarrowTransplant Coordinator, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Professor Simon Lloyd, BSc(Hons), MPhil, FRCS(ORL-HNS) Professor of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, University of Manchester, and Consultant Otologist, Skull Base Surgeon and Auditory Implant Surgeon, Central Manchester NHS Foundation Trust and Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust

Dr P Mahendra MD FRCP FRCPath, Consultant Haematologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham.

Dr Wasat Mansoor, MBChB, MRCP, PhD, Consultant Medical Oncologist, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester

Dr J Marsden, FRCP, Consultant Dermatologist, Selly Oak Hospital, Birmingham

Ms Wendy Martin, CNS for Neuroendocrine Tumours, King's College Hospital, London

Dr Catherine McBain, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR, MD, Consultant clinical oncologist, The Christie Hospital, Manchester

Dr James McCaul, MBChB, PhD, FRCS (Glas), FRCS(OMFS), FDSRCPS, BDS, Consultant Maxillofacial/Head and Neck Surgeon, Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

Dr Mary McCormack, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD,MBBS, FRCR, Consultant Oncologist, University College London Hospital

Dr C McNamara, FRACP, FRCPA, FRCPath, Consultant Haematologist, University College London Hospital

Ms Kim Meeking, Therapy Radiographer, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust

Dr ARL Medford, MBChB BSc(Hons) MD FRCP FRCPE FCCP FAPSR FEFIM FHEA PgDip(EBUS) Dip(Clin Risk Mgt), Consultant & Honorary Senior Lecturer in Respiratory Medicine, North Bristol NHS Trust

Mr D Mirza, MS FRCS (ED), FRCS (GLASGOW), Consultant Hepatobiliary Surgeon, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Dr Nazia Mohammed, MBChB, MRCP, Consultant in Medical Oncology, Beatson Cancer Centre, Glasgow

Dr John Moppett, Consultant Paediatric Haematologist, University Hospitals Bristol, NHS Foundation Trust

Dr Francis Mussai, MA (Oxon) BM BCh DPhil MRCPCH, Clinical Senior Lecturer in Paediatric Oncology, Cancer Research UK Clinician Scientist Fellow, Birmingham Children's Hospital and the University of Birmingham

Dr Steve Nicholson, MBBS, Consultant in Medical Oncology, Mid and South Essex NHS Foundation Trust

Alia Nizam, MPharm, PG Dip GPP, Darzi Fellow, Specialist oncology pharmacist CRUK information lead

Professor Simon Noble, Clinical Professor Palliative Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff

Ms Ingela Oberg, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge

Dr Wendy Osborne, MBBS, MRCP, FRCPath, Consultant Haematologist, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle

Professor D Palmer, BSc MBChB PhD FRCP, Consultant Medical Oncologist and Chair of Medical Oncology, University of Liverpool and Clatterbridge Cancer Centre

Dr H Pandha, MB, ChB PhD MRCP FRACP, Consultant in Oncology, St George’s Hospital, London

Mr Arie Parnham MBChB, FRCS(Urol), Consultant Urologist and Andrologist, The Christie Hospital, Manchester

Dr N Parry-Jones, MD, MRCP, MRCPath, Consultant Haematologist, Nevill Hall Hospital, Abergavenny

Ms Poonam Patel, MRPharmS, PG Dip GPP, IP, Deputy Lead Haematology/Oncology Pharmacist – Private Care, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London

Mr Prashant Patel, MBBS, MS, FRCSEd, PhD, FRCSEd (Urol), Senior Lecturer in Urology and Honorary Consultant Urological Surgeon

Dr David Peake, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Sam Penry, BSc (Hons) PGCert(Lond) GCP,  Senior Diagnostic Radiographer and University Lecturer in Diagnostic Imaging, London ​​​​​

Hazel Pennington, Lead Operational Radiographer - Protons, Christie Hospital, Manchester

Mr Matthew Perry MD BSc FRCS (urol), Consultant Urological Surgeon, St George's Hospital, London

Dr  Russell Petty, BMSc(Hon) MBChB PhD MRCP (UK) MRCP(London) FRCP Edin, Consultant Medical Oncologist/Clinical Senior Lecturer in Medical Oncology, University of Aberdeen

Professor Guy Pratt, MB, BChir, MD, FRCP, FRCPath, Consultant Haematologist, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust

Dr John Ramage, MD, MB BS, FRCP, Consultant Physician in Gastroenterology and Hepatology, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London

Prof Ian G Rennie, MBChB, FRCS, FRCOphth, Consultant in Ophthalmology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield

Professor Mandeep S Sagoo, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology and Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon, Moorfields Eye Hospital & Barts Health NHS Trust, 
London, UK

Dr Paul Sanghera, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Dr Mark Saunders, MBBS, MRCP, FRCR, PhD, Consultant Oncologist, Christie Hospital, Manchester

Ms Doreen Sawyer, Media Coordinator, UK Reiki Federation, Wiltshire

Dr Amen Sibtain, MD, MBBS, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.

Dr Nicholas Slevin, MBChB, FRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Christie Hospital, Manchester

Mr Simon Smith, BSc MS FRCS, Consultant General Surgeon

Dr Louise Soanes BSc MSc DNurs, Teenage Cancer Trust Nurse Consultant, University College London Hospital

Dr Andrea Stevens, MBBS, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Ms Jan Stewart, Co-Chair, Confederation of Registered Essence Practitioners (COREP), London

Dr Jacqui Stringer, PHD BSc RGN MIFPA, Clinical Lead for Supportive Care Services, Christie Hospital, Manchester

Dr Santhanam Sundar, MBBS MRCP MSc FRCR, Consultant Oncologist, Nottingham

Dr Alexander L. Tournier, BSc Cantab PhD LCHE RSHom, Executive Director, Homeopathy Research Institute, London

Ms Jeanne Trill, BSc (Hons), MSc, Medical Herbalist and Reflexologist, Surrey

Dr Amanda Tristram, MBChB, MRCOG, MD, Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant in Gynaecological Oncology, Llandough Hospital, Cardiff

Mr George Ttouli, ALIA (dip), MSFA, Independent Financial Advisor, London

Ms Margaret Vance, Nurse Consultant in Gastroenterology, St Mark's Hospital

Professor Ajay Vora, MBBS MD FRCPath FRCPCH, Consultant Paediatric Haematologist, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London

Dr Mary Wain, BSc (Hons) MBBS (Hons) MD FRCP, Consultant Dermatologist, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital

Dr L Wall, Consultant Medical Oncologist, Edinburgh Cancer Centre, Edinburgh

Mr Nicholas Watkin, MA, MChir, FRCS (Urol), Consultant in Urology, St George's Hospital, London

Mr John Watkinson, MB, MSc, MS, FRCS, DLO, Consultant Ear Nose and Throat Surgeon, Queen Elizabeth Medical Centre, Birmingham

Dr Matthew Wheater, PhD, MRCP, Consultant Medical Oncologist, Southampton Cancer Centre

Maxene Wickwar, Support and information nurse specialist, University College London Hospital (UCLH)

Ms Anne Williams, Lymphoedema Specialist/Lecturer

Dr Matt Winter, MD MRCP, Consultant Oncologist, Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield

Ms Mary Woods, CNS/Head of Lymphoedema Services, Royal Marsden Hospital, London 

Michele Wood, Art Therapist at Marie Curie Hospice (Hampstead) and co-ordinator of the Special Interest Group (SIG) of the British Association of Art Therapists 

Glossary of abbreviations

AFBPsSAssociate Fellow of the British Psychological Society
ALIAAssociate of the Life Insurance Association
BABachelor of Arts
BChirBachelor of Surgery
BDSBachelor of Dental Surgery
BPharmBachelor of Pharmacy
BPhilBachelor of Philosophy
BScBachelor of Science
ChMMaster of Surgery
CPsycholChartered Psychologist
CQSWCertificate of Qualification in Social Work
DLODiploma in Laryngology and Otology
DNCCertificate in District Nursing
DNursDoctor of Nursing
DTMHDiploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
FDS RCPSFellowship of Dental Surgery, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons
FRCPFellow of Royal College of Physicians
FRCPathFellow of the Royal College of Pathologists
FRCPCHFellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health
FRCRFellow of the Royal College of Radiologists
FRCSFellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
FRCS (OMFS)Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
JPJustice of the Peace
MAMaster of Arts
MBBachelor of Medicine
MBBSBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Science
MBChBBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBChirBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MClinResMaster of Clinical Research
MDDoctor of Medicine
MEdMaster of Education
MPHMaster of Public Health
MPhilMaster of Philosophy
MRCGPMember of the Royal College of General Practitioners
MRCOGMember of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
MRCPMember of the Royal College of Physicians
MRCPathMember of the Royal College of Pathologists
MRPharmSMember of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society
MSMaster of Surgery
MScMaster of Science
MSFAMember of the Society of Financial Advisers
ONCCertificate in Oncology Nursing
PGCEPostgraduate Certificate of Education
PhDDoctor of Philosophy
RDRegistered Dietitian
RGNRegistered General Nurse
RHVRegistered Health Visitor
RMRegistered Midwife
SRDState Registered Dietitian
SRNState Registered Nurse
Last reviewed: 
06 Nov 2020
Next review due: 
06 Nov 2021