Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the UK (2012), accounting for 13% of all new cases. It is the second most common cancer in both males (14% of all male cases) and females (12% of all female cases).[1-4]
In 2012, there were 44,488 new cases of lung cancer in the UK: 24,005 (54%) in men and 20,483 (46%) in women, giving a male:female ratio of around 12:10.[1-4] The
Lung Cancer (C33-C34), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2012
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||91.9||87.3||116.1||93.2||94.5|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||94.5||97.5||125.4||108.9||96.9|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||62.6||65.2||88.5||58.8||65.6|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||64.6||73.3||95.7||70.0||67.4|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||75.5||75.6||101.2||74.7||78.2|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||77.1||82.0||106.9||83.9||79.7|
95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper
ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.
Lung cancer incidence rates in Scotland are among the highest in the world, reflecting the country’s history of high smoking prevalence. Scotland is the only UK nation where lung cancer remains overall the most common cancer.[1-4] Lung cancer incidence is generally higher in urban than rural areas of Scotland, mainly due to higher smoking prevalence in urban areas. For example, lung cancer incidence in Greater Glasgow & Clyde NHS Board is almost almost a third higher than the Scotland average (2007-2011) and smoking prevalence in this region is among the highest of all Scottish NHS boards.[8,9] Asbestos exposure among shipbuilding industry workers in this region may also have contributed to the higher lung cancer incidence rate.
A north-south divide in lung cancer incidence has existed in Great Britain since at least the 1990s.[11,12] The latest analysis of lung cancer incidence rates throughout England reports significant variation across the UK, with the highest rates being in the north of England and lowest rates being in the east, south-east and south-west,[13,14] reflecting regional variation in smoking prevalence.
- Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here:
- Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
- Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here:
- Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here:
- Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, et al. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Volume VIII. IARC Scientific Publications.Vol. 155. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2002.
- Scottish Executive Health Department. Cancer Scenarios: An aid to planning cancer services in Scotland in the next decade. Edinburgh: The Scottish Executive, 2001.
- Pearce J, Boyle P. Is the urban excess in lung cancer in Scotland explained by patterns of smoking? Soc Sci Med 2005;60(12):2833-43.
- ISD Scotland. Cancer statistics. Lung cancer and mesothelioma 2007-2011. Accessed February 2013.
- Scottish Public Health Observatory. ScotPHO Tobacco Profiles 2013. NHS Board & CHP Overview. Edinburgh: ISD Scotland, 2013.
- De Vos Irvine H, Lamont DW, Hole DJ, et al. Asbestos and lung cancer in Glasgow and the west of Scotland. BM 1993;306(6891):1503-6
- Quinn M, Wood H, Cooper N, et al, eds. Cancer Atlas of the United Kingdom and Ireland 1991-2000. Studies on Medical and Population Subjects No. 68. London: ONS; 2005.
- Quinn M, Babb P, Brock A et al. Cancer Trends in England & Wales 1950-1999. (PDF 5897KB) SMPS No. 66: TSO, 2001.
- National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cancer e-Atlas. Accessed December 2013.
- National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS). General Lifestyle Survey 2010. London: ONS; 2012.