Prostate cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from prostate cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage prostate cancer is of male cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of prostate cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Prostate cancer mortality rates have increased by 21% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in males in the UK (2014), accounting for 13% of all cancer deaths in males.[1-3

In 2014, there were 11,287 prostate cancer deaths in males in the UK.[1-3] The crude mortality rate shows that there are 36 prostate cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) do not differ significantly between the constituent countries of the UK.[1-3]

Prostate Cancer (C61), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Deaths 9,529 613 906 239 11,287
Crude Rate 35.6 40.3 34.9 26.5 35.5
AS Rate 48.2 50.2 46.7 42.4 48.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 47.2 46.2 43.7 37.0 47.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 49.1 54.2 49.8 47.8 49.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Prostate cancer mortality rates throughout the UK shows very little variation between health boundaries.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008. 
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Prostate cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost 6 in 10 (57%) deaths were in males aged 80 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise sharply from around age 55-59, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group.[1-3]

Prostate Cancer (C61) Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, Males, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Prostate cancer mortality rates have increased by 21% in males in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes an increase followed by a decrease during this time.

European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates increased by 51% between 1971-1973 and 1991-1993 and then decreased by 20% between 1991-1993 and 2012-2014.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), prostate cancer AS mortality rates in males have decreased by 13%.[1-3]

Prostate Cancer (C61), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, Males UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Prostate cancer mortality rates remained stable overall for most of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s, but have decreased in males aged 70-79.[1-3] A large increase has been seen in males aged 80+, with rates increasing by 47% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Prostate Cancer (C61), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Males, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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There is no evidence for an association between prostate cancer mortality and deprivation in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are similar for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Prostate Cancer (C61), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Males, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in prostate cancer mortality between males living in the most and the least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

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Prostate cancer is the third most common cause of cancer in Europe for males, and the 6th most common cause of cancer death overall, with around 92,300 deaths from prostate cancer in 2012 (9% of male deaths and 5% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for prostate cancer are in Lithuania; the lowest rates are in Malta. UK prostate cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 15th highest in Europe.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Prostate cancer is the 5th most common cause of cancer death worldwide for males, and the 8th most common cause of cancer death overall, with more than 307,000 deaths from prostate cancer in 2012 (7% of male deaths and 4% of the total). Prostate cancer mortality rates are highest in the Caribbean and lowest in South Central Asia, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013. 
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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