Breast cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from breast cancer, 2016, UK

 

Percentage of all deaths

Percentage breast cancer contributes to total cancer deaths, 2016, UK

Age

Peak mortality rate for breast cancer, 2014-2016, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in breast cancer mortality rates since the early 1970s, UK

Breast cancer is the 4th most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 7% of all cancer deaths (2016).[1-3]

In males in the UK, breast cancer is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death (less than 1% of all male cancer deaths). In females in the UK it is the 2nd most common cause of cancer death (15% of all female cancer deaths).

1% of breast cancer deaths in the UK are in males, and 99% are in females.

Breast cancer mortality rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Breast Cancer (C50), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 72 9 0 0 81
Crude Rate 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3
AS Rate 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.4
Female Deaths 9613 1020 542 307 11482
Crude Rate 34.4 36.7 34.3 32.4 34.5
AS Rate 34.1 35.6 31.2 34.9 34.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 33.4 33.4 28.6 31.0 33.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 34.8 37.7 33.8 38.8 34.7
Persons Deaths 9685 1029 542 307 11563
Crude Rate 17.5 19.0 17.4 16.5 17.6
AS Rate 18.9 20.3 17.2 19.5 18.9
AS Rate - 95% LCL 18.5 19.1 15.7 17.3 18.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 19.3 21.6 18.6 21.7 19.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2016, ICD-10 C50.

Last reviewed:

Breast cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older people. In the UK in 2014-2016, on average each year almost half (47%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3] This largely reflects higher incidence and lower survival for breast cancer in older people.

Age-specific mortality rates rise steadily from around age 30-34 and more steeply from around age 70-74. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group for males and females.

Mortality rates are significantly lower in males than females in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 40 to 44, when the age-specific mortality rate is 438 times lower in males than females.

Breast Cancer (C50), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Male Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

Breast Cancer (C50), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates per 100,000 Female Population, UK, 2014-2016

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014-2016, ICD-10 C50.

Last reviewed:

Breast cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 38% in the UK between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.[1-3] The decrease was larger in males than in females.

For males, breast cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 45% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016. For females, breast cancer AS mortality rates in the UK decreased by 35% between 1971-1973 and 2014-2016.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2004-2006 and 2014-2016), breast cancer AS mortality rates for males and females combined decreased by 22%.[1-3] In males AS mortality rates decreased by 23%, and in females rates decreased by 19%.

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, Females, UK, 1971-2016

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, Males, UK, 1971-2016

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends. For example, rising mortality may reflect rising incidence and stable survival, while falling mortality may reflect rising incidence and rising survival.

Breast cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in most broad adult age groups in females in the UK since the early 1970s, but have increased in some.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have decreased by 57%, in 50-64s have decreased by 50%, in 65-69s have decreased by 44%, in 70-79s have decreased by 27% and in 80+s have increased by 6%.

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Females, UK, 1971-2016

Breast cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in some broad adult age groups in males in the UK since the early 1970s, but have remained stable in others.[1-3] Rates in 25-49s have remained stable, in 50-64s have decreased by 58%, in 65-69s have decreased by 51%, in 70-79s have decreased by 51% and in 80+s have remained stable.

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, By Age, Males, UK, 1971-2016

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1971-2016, ICD-10 C50.

Last reviewed:

Breast cancer mortality rates are projected to fall by 26% in the UK between 2014 and 2035, to 31 deaths per 100,000 females by 2035.[1]

Breast cancer (C50), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Sex, UK, 1979-2035

It is projected that 11,876 deaths from breast cancer will occur in the UK in 2035.

References

  1. Smittenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in the UK Until 2035. Brit J Cancer 2016.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 1979-2014 (observed), 2015-2035 (projected), ICD-10 C50

Projections are based on observed incidence and mortality rates and therefore implicitly include changes in cancer risk factors, diagnosis and treatment. It is not possible to assess the statistical significance of changes between 2014 (observed) and 2035 (projected) figures. Confidence intervals are not calculated for the projected figures. Projections are by their nature uncertain because unexpected events in future could change the trend. It is not sensible to calculate a boundary of uncertainty around these already uncertain point estimates. Changes are described as "increase" or "decrease" if there is any difference between the point estimates.

More on projections methodology

Last reviewed:

There is evidence for a small association between female breast cancer mortality and deprivation in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 6% higher for females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Females, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in breast cancer mortality between females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011. It has been estimated that there would have been around 350 fewer female breast cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all females experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

There is no evidence for an association between breast cancer mortality and deprivation in males in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised mortality rates are similar for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Breast Cancer (C50), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Males, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in breast cancer mortality between males living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for: UK, 2007-2011, ICD-10 C50

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using mortality data for 2007-2011. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in Europe for females, and the third most common cause of cancer death overall, with more than 131,000 deaths from breast cancer in 2012 (17% of female deaths and 7% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for breast cancer are in Macedonia; the lowest rates are in Estonia. UK breast cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 14th highest in Europe.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide for females, and the fifth most common cancer overall, with around 522,000 deaths from breast cancer in 2012 (15% of female deaths and 6% of the total). Breast cancer mortality rates are highest in Western Africa and lowest in Eastern Asia, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.

About this data

Data is for: Europe and Worlwide, 2012, ICD-10 C50

Last reviewed:

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many organisations across the UK which collect, analyse, and share the data which we use, and to the patients and public who consent for their data to be used. Find out more about the sources which are essential for our statistics.

Cancer stats explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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