Bowel cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2012), accounting for 10% of all deaths from cancer.[1-3] Bowel cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death among men in the UK (2012), accounting for 10% of all male deaths from cancer. Among women in the UK, bowel cancer is also the third most common cause of cancer death (2012), responsible for 10% of all female cancer deaths.
In 2012, there were 16,187 deaths from bowel cancer in the UK: 8,795 (54%) in men and 7,392 (46%) in women, giving a male:female ratio of around 12:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate shows that there are 28 bowel cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 23 for every 100,000 females.
Around 6 in 10 (61%) bowel cancer deaths are due to cancers of the colon, and around 4 in 10 (39%) are due to cancers of the rectum. More rectal cancer deaths occur in men than in women (60% male vs. 40% female), while the proportion of colon cancer deaths is similar between men and women (51% male vs. 49% female).
Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2012
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||19.5||21.1||21.7||19.3||20.1|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||20.4||25.0||24.8||25.0||20.9|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||12.3||11.8||15.1||10.9||12.7|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||12.9||14.4||17.4||14.6||13.3|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||15.7||16.5||18.3||15.3||16.1|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||16.2||18.7||20.1||18.6||16.6|
A north-south divide in bowel cancer mortality rates has existed across the UK since at least the 1990s. and the latest analysis of bowel cancer mortality rates throughout the UK reports significant variation for males, with the highest rates being in the North of England and the lowest rates being in parts of London and the South.[5,6]
- Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475.
- Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html.
- Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
- Quinn M, Wood H, Cooper N, et al, ed. National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Cancer Atlas of the United Kingdom and Ireland 1991-2000 (PDF 423KB). Office for National Statistics: 2005.
- NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
- NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.