Bowel cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

 

Deaths from bowel cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage bowel cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of bowel cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Bowel cancer mortality rates have decreased by 42% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Bowel cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 10% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the third most common cause of cancer death in the UK (10% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the third most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (10% of all female cancer deaths).

In 2014, there were 15,903 bowel cancer deaths in the UK: 8,566 (54%) in males and 7,337 (46%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 12:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate shows that there are 27 bowel cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 22 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) are significantly higher in Wales and Scotland compared with England and Northern Ireland for males.[1-3] For females, the rate is significantly higher in Scotland compared with England.[1-3] Rates do not differ significantly between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.[1-3]

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 7,050 529 786 201 8,566
Crude Rate 26.3 34.8 30.3 22.3 26.9
AS Rate 33.3 39.1 38.1 30.8 33.9
AS Rate - 95% LCL 32.5 35.8 35.5 26.6 33.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 34.1 42.5 40.8 35.1 34.7
Female Deaths 5,987 399 739 212 7,337
Crude Rate 21.7 25.4 26.9 22.6 22.4
AS Rate 21.3 22.5 25.9 25.0 21.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 20.7 20.3 24.0 21.6 21.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 21.8 24.7 27.7 28.3 22.3
Persons Deaths 13,037 928 1,525 413 15,903
Crude Rate 24.0 30.0 28.5 22.4 24.6
AS Rate 26.5 29.9 30.9 28.0 27.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 26.0 28.0 29.4 25.3 26.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 26.9 31.8 32.5 30.7 27.5

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item round the AS rate Open a glossary item
 

Bowel cancer mortality rates vary significantly throughout the UK, with the highest rates in the North of England and the lowest rates in parts of London and the South.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm​. 
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008. 
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Bowel cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year more than 4 in 10 (43%) deaths were in people aged 80 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise sharply from around age 50-54, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group for both males and females. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 45-49 and over and this gap is widest at the ages of 70-74, when the male:female ratio of age-specific  rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 17:10.[1-3]

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Bowel cancer mortality rates have decreased by 42% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall decrease for females than males.

For males, European age standardised (AS) Open a glossary item mortality rates decreased by 38% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014. For females, rates decreased by 49% in this period.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), bowel cancer AS mortality rates have decreased by 12% for males and females combined, with a similar decrease in males (15%) and females (11%).[1-3]

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Bowel cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in people aged 25-49, with European AS mortality rates falling by 55% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Bowel Cancer (C18-20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Persons, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
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There is evidence for an association between bowel cancer mortality and deprivation for males and females in England (although the association is small for females).[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 30% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 15% higher for females.[1]

Bowel Cancer (C18-C20), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in bowel cancer mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011. It has been estimated that there would have been around 860 fewer bowel cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Bowel cancer (C18-C21) is the second most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 215,000 deaths from bowel cancer in 2012 (12% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for bowel cancer are in Hungary for both men and women; the lowest rates are in Albania for both men and women. UK bowel cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 10th lowest in males in Europe, and 14th lowest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Bowel cancer (C18-C21) is the 4th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 694,000 deaths from bowel cancer in 2012 (8% of the total). Bowel cancer mortality rates are highest in Central and Eastern Europe and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.  
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

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