Bladder cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from bladder cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage bladder cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of bladder cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased by 21% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Bladder cancer is the seventh most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014) accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the sixth most common cause of cancer death (4% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the 12th most common cause of cancer death in females (2% of female cancer deaths).[1-3

In 2014, there were 5,369 bladder cancer deaths in the UK: 3,614 (67%) in males and 1,755 (33%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 21:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 11 bladder cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 5 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised Open a glossary itemmortality rate (AS rate) is significantly higher in Scotland compared with England for females only.[1-3] There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.

Bladder Cancer (C67), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 3,059 180 300 75 3,614
Crude Rate 11.4 11.8 11.6 8.3 11.4
AS Rate 15.2 13.7 15.6 13.3 15.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 14.7 11.7 13.9 10.3 14.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 15.7 15.7 17.4 16.3 15.6
Female Deaths 1,445 86 180 44 1,755
Crude Rate 5.2 5.5 6.5 4.7 5.4
AS Rate 5.0 4.9 6.3 5.1 5.1
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.8 3.8 5.4 3.6 4.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 5.3 5.9 7.2 6.6 5.4
Persons Deaths 4,504 266 480 119 5,369
Crude Rate 8.3 8.6 9.0 6.5 8.3
AS Rate 9.2 8.5 9.8 8.2 9.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 8.9 7.5 8.9 6.7 8.9
AS Rate - 95% UCL 9.4 9.5 10.7 9.7 9.4

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Bladder cancer mortality rates throughout the UK shows some variation between health boundaries for both males and females, with higher rates in the Midlands in England and in parts of Scotland.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
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Bladder cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year more than half (53%) of deaths were diagnosed in people aged 80 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise steeply from around age 55-59, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group in both sexes. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 55-59 and over and this gap is widest at the ages of 90+, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 38:10.[1-3]

Bladder Cancer (C67), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased by 21% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall decrease for males than females, and a period of stability (males) or increase (females) followed by a decrease, during this time.

For males, European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates remained stable between 1971-1973 and 1990-1992 and then decreased by 34% between 1990-1992 and 2012-2014. For females, rates increased by 12% between 1971-1973 and 1989-1991 and then decreased by 20% between 1989-1991 and 2012-2014.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), bladder cancer AS mortality rates have decreased by 6% for males and females combined, with a similar decrease in males (9%) and females (7%).[1-3]

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for males in most of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s but have increased in males aged 80+.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in males aged 25-49, with rates falling by 70% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Males, UK, 1971-2014

Bladder cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for females in most of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s but have remained stable in females aged 25-49 and increased in females aged 80+.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in females aged 60-69, with rates falling by 41% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Females, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between bladder cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1]  England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised  mortality Open a glossary item rates are 41% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 64% higher for females.[1]

Bladder Cancer (C67), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in bladder cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 520 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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Bladder cancer is the 9th most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 52,400 deaths from bladder cancer in 2012 (3% of the total). In Europe (2012) the highest World age-standardised rates Open a glossary item for bladder cancer are in Latvia for men and Malta for women; the lowest rates are in Germany for men and Ukraine for women. UK bladder cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 10th lowest in males in Europe, and 8th highest in females.[1] These data are broadly in live in Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Bladder cancer is the 13th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 165,100 deaths from bladder cancer in 2012 (2% of the total). Bladder cancer mortality rates are highest in Western Asia, and lowest in Central America, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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