49% of bladder cancer cases in the UK are preventable.
Bladder cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors[2,3].
Bladder Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'Convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
a WCRF/AICR classifies evidence on arsenic in drinking water as probable
- Brown KF, Rumgay H, Dunlop C, et al. The fraction of cancer attributable to known risk factors in England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the UK overall in 2015. British Journal of Cancer 2018.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 116*. Accessed October 2016.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.