What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is when abnormal cells in the thyroid gland start to divide and grow in an uncontrolled way. 

Symptoms of thyroid cancer

The symptoms of thyroid cancer include a lump in your neck, a hoarse voice, a sore throat or difficulty in swallowing. 

Getting diagnosed with thyroid cancer

You usually start by seeing your GP. They will ask about your symptoms. They might refer you to a specialist and organise tests.

Survival for thyroid cancer

Survival for thyroid cancer depends upon the type and stage of your thyroid cancer. Survival is generally very good for papillary and follicular thyroid cancers.

Stages and types of thyroid cancer

The type of thyroid cancer refers to the type of cell the cancer started in. The stage of a cancer tells you its size and whether it has spread. 

Treatment for thyroid cancer

Possible treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, targeted drugs and chemotherapy. What treatment you have depends on your type and stage of thyroid cancer.

Research and clinical trials for thyroid cancer

Researchers are looking at ways to improve the treatment for thyroid cancer.

Living with thyroid cancer

Practical and emotional support is available to help you cope with thyroid cancer.

Risks and causes of thyroid cancer

Some factors might increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer. These include your age, being very overweight and some non cancerous thyroid conditions.

Last reviewed: 
11 Jul 2023
Next review due: 
11 Jul 2026