Find out what stage 2 penile cancer means and about treatment options.
The stage of a cancer tells you how big it is and how far it’s spread. It helps your doctor decide which treatment you need.
Stage 2 is part of the number staging system and means your cancer has grown deep into the tissues of the penis below the top layers of the skin, as well as the blood and lymph vessels.
It might have grown into the spongy erectile tissue or the urethra or both. The cancer might also be high grade. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes.
In the TNM staging system stage 2 is the same as:
- T1b, N0, M0
- T2, N0, M0
- T3, N0, M0
The stage of your cancer helps your doctor to decide which treatment you need. Treatment also depends on:
- your type of cancer (the type of cells the cancer started in)
- where the cancer is
- other health conditions that you have
Surgery is the main treatment for stage 2 penile cancer. You usually have removal of part of the penis or removal of the whole penis.
You might also have radiotherapy. Some men have radiotherapy first and then surgery if some cancer cells remain afterwards.
Your doctor might check the lymph nodes in your groin with a test called sentinel lymph node biopsy to see if cancer cells have spread there. Or your surgeon might remove the lymph nodes.