After treatment, you have regular check ups at the hospital. You also have tests including blood tests, x-rays and scans. Over time, these appointments become less frequent.
Why you have follow up appointments
You usually have follow up appointments every few months to check how you are and see whether you have any problems or worries. The appointments also give you the chance to raise any concerns you have about your progress.
You have tests at some of these appointments. The doctor is looking for signs that your cancer has come back or started to grow again.
Your doctor or nurse examines you at each appointment. They ask how you are feeling, whether you have had any symptoms or side effects, and if you are worried about anything.
You might also have tests at some visits.
Tests may include:
- blood tests
- CT scan
- ultrasound scans
You will not have all these tests at every visit to the hospital.
CA125 blood test
Doctors used to use routine CA125 blood tests to monitor the growth of ovarian cancer after treatment. CA125 is a protein that some ovarian cancers make and release into the bloodstream. The bloodstream level of CA125 can sometimes go up before there are any signs of the cancer on scans.
Some women became very anxious when they had this test at each appointment. A large trial looked at how useful routine CA125 testing was as part of follow up for ovarian cancer.
The researchers found that giving treatment as soon as the cancer started to grow back worked no better than waiting until symptoms developed and then starting treatment. People having treatment earlier might also have a lower quality of life because of treatment side effects.
So now, doctors usually don't routinely test for CA125 on women who are well and have no symptoms which might be a sign of the cancer coming back.
How often you have check ups
How often you have check ups depends on your treatment and how well you are.
For the first couple of years, your check ups will usually be every 3 months. After this, you usually have 6 monthly appointments for up to 5 years.
You may see your surgeon (gynaecological oncologist) for one appointment and your cancer specialist (oncologist) for the next. In some hospitals, you may see your gynaecology cancer specialist nurse at every appointment instead of seeing a doctor.
If you're worried
If you are worried or notice any new symptoms between your appointments, let your doctor or nurse know as soon as possible. You don't have to wait until the next appointment.
Many people find their check ups quite worrying. A hospital appointment can bring back any anxiety you had about your cancer.
It can help to tell someone close to you how you’re feeling. Sharing your worries can mean they don’t seem so overwhelming. Many people find it helpful to have counselling after cancer treatment.