Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays to destroy lung cancer cells. You have the treatment in the hospital radiotherapy department.
When do you have radiotherapy?
Limited stage disease
You might have radiotherapy with chemotherapy if your cancer is only in one side of your lung. This is called concurrent chemoradiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.
You usually start the radiotherapy around the second cycle of chemotherapy. But if the tumour is larger you might start the radiotherapy with later cycles of chemotherapy.
Radiotherapy can also be given after chemotherapy if the cancer has shrunk or disappeared. It aims to stop cancer coming back.
You might have radiotherapy:
- each day for 3 to 6 weeks (with a break at weekends)
- twice a day for 3 weeks
Extensive stage disease
Extensive disease means the cancer has spread to other parts of your body. Radiotherapy can’t cure your lung cancer but it can help to control it for some time. This is called palliative radiotherapy.
Radiotherapy to the brain
Small cell lung cancer can spread to the brain. Your doctor might suggest that you have radiotherapy to the brain to reduce the risk of cancer spreading there. This is called prophylactic cranial irradiation.
The radiotherapy room
Radiotherapy machines are very big. They rotate around you to give you your treatment. The machine doesn't touch you at any point.
Before you start your course of treatment your therapy radiographers explain what you will see and hear. In some departments the treatment rooms have docks for you to plug in your music player. So you can listen to your own music.
The radiographers help you to get into position on the treatment couch. You usually need to raise your arms above your head.
The room is darkened and the radiographers line you up in the radiotherapy machine using laser lights and the marks on your skin. You will hear them saying measurements to each other to get you in the right position.
Then the radiographers leave you alone in the room for a few minutes.
During the treatment
You need to lie very still on your back. Your radiographers might take images (x-rays or scans) before your treatment to make sure that you're in the right position. The machine makes whirring and beeping sounds. You won’t feel anything when you have the treatment.
Your radiographers can see and hear you on a CCTV screen in the next room. They can talk to you over an intercom and might ask you to hold your breath or take shallow breaths at times. You can also talk to them through the intercom or raise your hand if you need to stop or if you're uncomfortable.
You won't be radioactive
This type of radiotherapy won't make you radioactive. It's safe to be around other people, including pregnant women and children.
Travelling to radiotherapy appointments
Tell the radiotherapy department if you prefer treatment at a particular time of day. They can try to arrange this.
Car parking can be difficult at hospitals. It’s worth asking the radiotherapy unit staff:
- if they can give you a hospital parking permit
- about discounted parking rates
- where you can get help with travel fares
- for tips on free places to park nearby
If you have no other way to get to the hospital, the radiotherapy staff might be able to arrange hospital transport for you. But it might not always be at convenient times. To see if you're eligible they usually work it out based on your earnings or income.
Some hospitals have their own drivers or can arrange ambulances. Some charities offer hospital transport.
Radiotherapy to the lung can cause side effects. Find out what they are and how to cope with them.