The treatment you have depends on the stage and type of your kidney cancer. Some small kidney cancers may not need treatment straight away.

Preparing for treatment and life afterwards (prehabilitation)

There are things you can do to help you feel more in control of your physical and mental health when preparing for treatment. In the hospital, preparing for treatment is also called prehabilitation or prehab.

Treatment options

See which treatments you might have and how your doctor decides which treatments are suitable.

Monitoring your cancer

Your doctor may monitor a small kidney cancer for a while before recommending treatment.


See what types of surgery you may have and what to expect at the hospital.


Cryotherapy kills cancer cells by freezing them. It can cure small, early stage kidney cancers. 

Radiofrequency treatment

Radiofrequency treatment uses radio waves to kill cancer cells. See how it's used to treat all stages of kidney cancer.


Radiotherapy uses high energy waves similar to x-rays to kill cancer cells. It is not often used to treat kidney cancer. 


Chemotherapy isn't generally used for the most common type of kidney cancer. You might have it if you have transitional cell cancer of the kidney.

Follow up

After treatment, you have regular check ups to look for signs of the cancer coming back or spreading. 

Last reviewed: 
28 May 2020
Next review due: 
28 May 2023
Coronavirus and cancer

We know it’s a worrying time for people with cancer, we have information to help.

Read our information about coronavirus and cancer