Types of children's brain tumours

There are over 130 different types of tumour which can occur in the brain or central nervous system. They are usually named after the type of cell they develop from. They might also be named after the area of the brain they are growing in.

We have some general information about brain tumours that develop in children. And we have detailed information about 3 of the most common types of children's brain tumours.

Cancer that has spread from another part of the body to the brain is called secondary brain cancer. Secondary brain tumours are less common in children than adults.

Different types of brain tumours in children

Tumours can start in any part of the brain or spinal cord. They are usually named after the type of cell they develop from.


Astrocytoma is the most common type of brain and spinal cord tumour in children.


Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant (high grade) children’s brain tumour.


Ependymomas usually start from ependymal cells. These line the fluid filled areas of the brain (ventricles) and spinal cord.

Last reviewed: 
13 Mar 2019
Json LD: 
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