Thyroid cancer is the 20th most common cancer in the UK (2012), accounting for less than 1% of all new cases. In females, it is the 17th most common cancer (1% of the female total), whilst in males it is the 20th most common cancer (less than 1% of the male total).[1-4]
In 2012, there were 3,018 new cases of thyroid cancer in the UK: 807 (27%) in men and 2,211 (73%) in women, giving a male:female ratio of around 10:25.[1-4] The
Thyroid cancer is one of the few cancers which can occur in both sexes but is more common in women than men. This is probably at least partly due to the female sex hormone oestrogen promoting thyroid cell growth, though epidemiological evidence remains unclear.
For females, the European
Thyroid Cancer (C73), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2012
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||2.7||1.6||2.0||1.5||2.6|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||3.1||3.2||3.2||3.8||3.0|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||6.9||3.3||5.2||6.3||6.7|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||7.6||5.3||7.0||10.1||7.3|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||4.9||2.7||3.8||4.4||4.8|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||5.3||4.0||5.0||6.7||5.1|
95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper
ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.
The latest analysis of thyroid cancer incidence rates throughout England reports modest variation between the former cancer networks, with the highest rates being in parts of the West Midlands, Thames Valley and Yorkshire, and the lowest in parts of the South and parts of the North-East.
- Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/vsob1/cancer-statistics-registrations--england--series-mb1-/index.html.
- Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
- Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242&pid=59080.
- Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
- Peterson E, De P, Nuttal R. BMI, diet and female reproductive factors as risks for thyroid cancer: a systematic review. PLoS ONE 2012;7(1):e29177
- Oxford Cancer Intelligence Unit. Profile of Head and Neck Cancers in England: Incidence, Mortality and Survival. 2010.