Thyroid cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from thyroid cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage thyroid cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Thyroid cancer accounts for less than 1% of cancer deaths in the UK for males and females combined (2014) and is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death.[1-3] In males, it is the 20th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (less than 1% of all male cancer deaths), whilst in females it is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death in the UK (less than 1% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 376 thyroid cancer deaths in the UK: 154 (41%) in males and 222 (59%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 7:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there is less than 1 thyroid cancer death for every 100,000 males in the UK, and less than 1 for every 100,000 females.[1-3]

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) do not differ significantly between the constituent countries of the UK for males or females.[1-3]

Thyroid Cancer (C73), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 133 4 12 5 154
Crude Rate 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5
AS Rate 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.5 0.7
Female Deaths 188 6 20 8 222
Crude Rate 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.7
AS Rate 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.7
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.8 0.6 1.0 1.6 0.8
Persons Deaths 321 10 32 13 376
Crude Rate 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.6
AS Rate 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.4 0.7

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Thyroid cancer mortality rates throughout the UK show very little variation between health boundaries for both males and females.[4]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm
  4. European age-standardised mortality rate of thyroid cancer by local health authority in the UK, 2009-2011. These data were extracted from the UK Cancer Information Service, version 4.5b 001 on 29/10/2013.
Last reviewed:

Thyroid cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older men and women. In the UK between 2010 and 2012, an average of 56% of thyroid cancer deaths were in men and women aged 75 years and over, and around four in ten (39%) were in those aged 80 years and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise gradually from around age 40-44 and subsequently more sharply from age 65-69, with the highest rates in the 85+ age group in both sexes. Mortality rates are similar for males and females at all age groups.[1-3]

Thyroid Cancer (C73), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2010-2012

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
Last reviewed:

Thyroid cancer mortality rates have decreased overall in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] For males, European AS mortality rates Open a glossary item decreased by 32% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. The decline is bigger for females, with rates decreasing by 58% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. This decrease in mortality rates is despite rising incidence rates, and reflects overall improvements in survival which may be attributed in part to earlier diagnosis of thyroid cancer as a result of the widespread use of ultrasound and fine needle biopsies.[4,5] Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), European AS mortality rates have remained stable for both males and females.

Thyroid Cancer (C73), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2012

For males, thyroid cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for some of the broad age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest decreases have been in men aged 40-54, with European AS mortality rates Open a glossary item decreasing by 52% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. For men aged 55-69, mortality rates fell by 41% over the same time period.

Thyroid Cancer (C73), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Males, UK, 1971-2012

For females, thyroid cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for all of the broad age groups aged 40 and above in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest decreases have been in women aged 55-69, with European AS mortality rates decreasing by around 65% between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012.

Thyroid Cancer (C73), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Females, UK, 1971-2012

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, December 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
  4. Olaleye et al. Increasing incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer in South East England: 1987-2006. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology, 2011.
  5. National Cancer Intelligence Network. Thyroid cancer – trends by sex, age and histological type. NCIN 2012.
Last reviewed:

There were around 6,300 deaths from thyroid cancer in Europe in 2012 (0.4% of total cancer deaths). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for thyroid cancer are in Iceland for men and Russia for women; the lowest rates are in Malta and Montenegro for men and Luxembourg for women. UK thyroid cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 6th lowest in males in Europe, and 9th lowest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

There were around 37,800 deaths from thyroid cancer worldwide in 2012 (0.5% of total cancer deaths). Thyroid cancer mortality rates are highest in Melanesia and lowest in Northern Europe, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013. 
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
Last reviewed:

There is no evidence for an association between thyroid cancer mortality and deprivation for either males or females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are similar for both males and females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Thyroid Cancer (C73), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in thyroid cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

Last reviewed:

Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

Citation

You are welcome to reuse this Cancer Research UK statistics content for your own work.

Credit us as authors by referencing Cancer Research UK as the primary source. Suggested styles are:

Web content: Cancer Research UK, full URL of the page, Accessed [month] [year]. 

Publications: Cancer Research UK ([year of publication]), Name of publication, Cancer Research UK. 

Rate this page:

Currently rated: 1 out of 5 based on 1 vote
Thank you!
We've recently made some changes to the site, tell us what you think

Share this page