Vulval cancer incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of vulval cancer, 2015, UK

 

Proportion of all cases

Percentage vulval cancer is of total cancer cases, 2015, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of vulval cancer cases, 2013-2015, UK

 

Trend over time

Change in vulval cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, UK

Vulval cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers in females in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all new cancer cases in females (2015).[1-4]

Vulval cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates Open a glossary item ) are similar to the UK average in all the UK constituent countries.

Vulval Cancer (C51), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, Females, UK, 2015

  England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland UK
Female Cases 1,081 141 80 37 1,339
Crude Rate 3.9 5.1 5.1 3.9 4.1
AS Rate 4.0 5.0 4.7 4.2 4.1
AS Rate - 95% LCI 3.7 4.1 3.7 2.9 3.9
AS Rate - 95% UCI 4.2 5.8 5.8 5.6 4.3
Persons Cases 1,081 141 80 37 1,339
Crude Rate 2.0 2.6 2.6 2.0 2.1
AS Rate 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.2
AS Rate - 95% LCI 2.0 2.3 2.0 1.6 2.1
AS Rate - 95% UCI 2.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.3

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item  around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For vulval cancer, like most cancer types, differences between countries largely reflect risk factor prevalence in years past.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2015, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

Vulval cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older women. In the UK in 2013-2015, on average each year more than 4 in 10 (44%) of new cases were in females aged 75 and over.[1-4

Age-specific incidence rates rise steadily from around age 35-39 and more steeply from around age 65-69. The highest rates are in the 90+ age group.

Vulval Cancer (C51), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, Females, UK, 2013-2015

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item
 

For vulval cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2013-2015, ICD-10 C51.

Last reviewed:

Vulval cancer European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates for females increased by 17% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2013-2015.[1-4].

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2013-2015), vulval cancer AS incidence rates for females increased by 11%.[1-4]

Vulval Cancer (C51), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Females, UK, 1993-2015

Vulval cancer incidence rates have increased overall in some broad adult age groups in females in the UK since the early 1990s, but have remained stable in others.[1-4] Rates in 25-49s have increased by 58%, in 50-59s have increased by 98%, in 60-69s have increased by 28%, in 70-79s have remained stable, and in 80+s have remained stable.

Vulval Cancer (C51), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, By Age, Females, UK, 1993-2015

For vulval cancer, like most cancer types, incidence trends largely reflect changing prevalence of risk factors and improvements in diagnosis and data recording. Recent incidence trends are influenced by risk factor prevalence in years past, and trends by age group reflect risk factor exposure in birth cohorts.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, August 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, October 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, July 2017. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 1993-2015, ICD-10 C51

Last reviewed:

Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) account for more than 90% of vulval cancers.[1] The other 10% includes melanomas, sarcomas, basal cell carcinomas Open a glossary item and adenocarcinomas Open a glossary item.[2]

References

  1. Woolas RP, Shepherd JH. Current developments in the management of vulval carcinoma. In O'Brian PMS (Eds). The Yearbook of Obstetrics and Gynecology. London, RCOG Press: 1999.
  2. Daling JR, Sherman JH. Cancers of the vulva and vagina. In Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni J (Eds). Cancer epidemiology and prevention. London:OUP; 1996.
Last reviewed:

The lifetime risk of developing vulval cancer is around 1 in 275 for women, in 2012 in the UK.[1]

The lifetime risk for vulval cancer has been calculated to account for the possibility that someone can have more than one diagnosis of vulval cancer over the course of their lifetime (‘Adjusted for Multiple Primaries’ (AMP) method).[2]

References

  1. Lifetime risk estimates calculated by the Statistical Information Team at Cancer Research UK. Based on data provided by the Office of National Statistics, ISD Scotland, the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit and the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry, on request, December 2013 to July 2014.
  2. Sasieni PD, Shelton J, Ormiston-Smith N, et al. What is the lifetime risk of developing cancer?: The effect of adjusting for multiple primaries. Br J Cancer, 2011. 105(3): p. 460-5.
Last reviewed:

 There is evidence for an association between vulval cancer incidence and deprivation in England.[1] England-wide data for 2006-2010 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item incidence rates are 82% higher for females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Vulval Cancer (C51), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Females, England, 2006-2010

The estimated deprivation gradient in vulval cancer incidence between females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has widened in the period 1996-2010.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 240 fewer cancer cases each year in England during 2006-2010 if all females experienced the same incidence rates as the least deprived.[1

References

  1. Cancer Research UK and National Cancer Intelligence Network. Cancer by deprivation in England: Incidence, 1996-2010, Mortality, 1997-2011. London: NCIN; 2014.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2006-2010, ICD-10 C51

Deprivation gradient statistics were calculated using incidence data for 2006-2010. The deprivation quintiles were calculated using the Income domain scores from the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the following years: 2004, 2007 and 2010. Full details on the data and methodology can be found in the Cancer by Deprivation in England NCIN report.

Last reviewed:

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Cancer stats explained

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