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Kidney cancer survival statistics

One-, five- and ten-year survival statistics for kidney cancer by age and trends over time are presented here. There are also data by stage at diagnosis.

Find out more about the counting and coding of this data.

One-, five- and ten-year survival

73% of men survive kidney cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 57% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with kidney cancer during 2010-2011 in England and Wales (Table 3.1).1 Survival for women is slightly lower, with 71% surviving for one year or more, and 56% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Table 3.1: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 2010-2011

1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 73.1 56.5 49.8
95% LCL 73.1 56.3 49.3
95% UCL 73.2 56.8 50.4
Women Net Survival 71.1 55.7 49.0
95% LCL 71.1 55.4 48.3
95% UCL 71.2 56.0 49.7
Adults Net Survival 72.4 56.2 49.5
95% LCL 72.3 56.0 49.1
95% UCL 72.4 56.4 50.0

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95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Kidney cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 50% of men and 49% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with kidney cancer during 2010-2011 in England and Wales (Figure 3.1).1 Out of 20 common cancers in England and Wales, ten-year survival for kidney cancer ranks 12th highest overall.

Figure 3.1: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Net Survival up to Ten Years after Diagnosis, Adults (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 2010-2011

surv_curve_kidney.swf

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Survival for kidney cancer is reported in Scotland and Northern Ireland,2,3 though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.

section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

 

By age

Five-year survival for kidney cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 73% in 15-49 year-olds to 32% in 80-99 year-olds for patients diagnosed with kidney cancer in England during 2007-2011 (Figure 3.2).4 In women, five-year survival ranges from 76% to 29% in the same age groups.

Figure 3.2: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2007-2011

surv_5yr_age_kidney.swf

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section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

 

Trends over time

As with most cancers, survival for kidney cancer is improving. One-year age-standardised net survival for kidney cancer in men has increased from 45% during 1971-1972 to 73% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 28 percentage points (Figure 3.3).1 In women, one-year survival has increased from 44% to 71% over the same time period (a difference of 27 percentage points).

Figure 3.3: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Age-Standardised One-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

surv_1yr_kidney.swf

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Five-year age-standardised net survival for kidney cancer in men has increased from 29% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 57% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 28 percentage points (Figure 3.4).1 In women, five-year survival has increased from 28% to 56% over the same time period (a difference of 28 percentage points).

Figure 3.4: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Age-Standardised Five-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011


surv_5yr_kidney.swf

Download this chart XLS (46KB) PPT (127KB) PDF (54KB)

Five-year survival for 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Ten-year survival has followed the same trend as one- and five-year survival since the early 1970s. Ten-year age-standardised net survival for kidney cancer in men has increased from 23% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 50% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales an absolute survival difference of 27 percentage points (Figure 3.5).1 In women, ten-year survival has increased from 23% to 49% over the same time period (a difference of 26 percentage points). Overall, half of people diagnosed with kidney cancer today are predicted to survive their disease for at least ten years.

Figure 3.5: Kidney Cancer (C64-C66 and C68), Age-Standardised Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

surv_10yr_kidney.swf

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Ten-year survival for 2005-2006 and 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

By stage at diagnosis

Survival for kidney cancer is related to stage of the disease at diagnosis. Around half of patients are diagnosed at Stages III or IV.

One-year relative survival for kidney cancer (excluding renal pelvis [C64 only]) is highest for patients presenting at Stage I, with 99% of men and 91% of women surviving their disease for at least one year for patients diagnosed during 2006-2010 in the former Anglia Cancer Network (Figure 3.6).5 One-year survival is lowest for those diagnosed with Stage IV disease (27% for men and 24% for women).

For patients diagnosed at Stage I, one-year relative survival is significantly higher for men than for women, with an absolute survival difference of 8 percentage points. One-year survival is not significantly different between the sexes at any of the other stages.

Figure 3.6 Kidney Cancer excluding Renal Pelvis (C64), One-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2006-2010

surv_1yr_stage_mw_kidney.swf

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Five-year survival for kidney cancer shows a much more rapid decrease in survival between Stages I and IV. In men, five-year relative survival ranges from 84% at Stage I to 5% at Stage IV for patients diagnosed during 2002-2006 in the former Anglia Cancer Network (Figure 3.7).5 In women, five-year survival ranges from 82% at Stage I to 7% at Stage IV. There are no significant differences in five-year survival between men and women at any of the stages.

Figure 3.7 Kidney Cancer excluding Renal Pelvis (C64), Five-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2002-2006

surv_5yr_stage_mw_kidney.swf

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section reviewed 28/11/14
section updated 28/11/14

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References for kidney cancer survival

  1. Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Personal communication, 2014.
  2. ISD Scotland. Trends in Cancer Survival 1983-2007.
  3. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry. Incidence & Survival 1993-2012.
  4. Office for National Statistics. Statistical Bulletin: Cancer survival in England: Patients diagnosed 2007-2011 and followed up to 2012. Newport: ONS; 2013.
  5. The National Cancer Registration Service, Eastern Office. Personal communication.
Updated: 28 November 2014