Swallowing can be difficult for some people with cancer in the food pipe (oeosphageal cancer). Treatments include stretching your food pipe (oesophageal dilation) or placing a small tube into your oesophagus (a stent).
You might have these treatments with radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
An oesophageal stent is a small metal or plastic tube put into the oesophagus to keep it open.
Laser therapy uses hot beams of light to burn away cancer cells in the oesophagus.
Heat treatment burns away the cancer cells. It is also called argon plasma coagulation (APC)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) destroys cancer cells by using a combination of a light sensitising drug and a very bright light.
The food pipe can be blocked by cancer, or become narrower after treatment. Oesophageal dilatation means stretching the food pipe to open it up again.
Advanced stage means your oesophageal cancer has spread. External and internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) can help to control your cancer and reduce symptoms.