Screening means testing people for early stages of a disease. This is before they have any symptoms. For screening to be useful the tests:
- need to be reliable at picking up cancers
- overall must do more good than harm to people taking part
- must be something that people are willing to do
Screening tests are not perfect and have some risks. The screening programme should also be good value for money for the NHS.
Checking for molar pregnancy
The best way to pick up a molar pregnancy early is to have the routine antenatal care provided by your doctor and midwife during pregnancy. They closely monitor you and do various tests to make sure your baby is developing normally.
Early in your pregnancy you have an ultrasound scan to look for any abnormalities. This means that most molar pregnancies are picked up at a very early stage. Ultrasound scans are a good way of diagnosing a complete molar pregnancy, but they are not so good at picking up partial molar pregnancies.
Partial molar pregnancies are still likely to be picked up by other routine tests, such as blood tests. Your doctor will also do tests for molar pregnancy if you have any abnormal symptoms, such as being very large or small for your dates.
Tests after miscarriage or abortion
If you have a miscarriage or abortion, doctors also check the foetal tissue and placenta for any abnormalities. This is a common way for a partial molar pregnancy to be diagnosed.
Talk to your GP if you think you are at higher than average risk of molar pregnancy.