About chemotherapy for prostate cancer
This page tells you about chemotherapy for prostate cancer. There is information about
Chemotherapy for prostate cancer
Chemotherapy means using drugs that kill cancer cells. It is sometimes used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. A number of chemotherapy drugs may be used, including
Docetaxel is the most commonly used drug. It may be given alongside hormone treatment as a first treatment for prostate cancer that has spread. Or it may be used when hormone treatment is no longer working. Chemotherapy can cause side effects so you need to be fit enough to have the treatment. The likely side effects have to be balanced with the potential benefit you get from the treatment in controlling the cancer for a while.
A number of clinical trials are looking into using chemotherapy to treat prostate cancer.
If you are taking any dietary supplements or herbal medicines, you need to tell your doctor. Some supplements may interact with chemotherapy and could be harmful.
You can view and print the quick guides for all the pages in the Treating prostate cancer section.
Chemotherapy means using drugs that kill cancer cells. It is sometimes used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
A number of chemotherapy drugs may be used and these include
The links above take you to information about the side effects of each drug.
Docetaxel is the most commonly used drug. It may be used as a first treatment alongside hormone therapy for prostate cancer that has spread. It is also used if hormone treatment is no longer controlling the cancer. But it is only for people who are fit enough to have this chemotherapy treatment. All chemotherapy has side effects and the likely side effects have to be balanced with the potential benefit of the treatment. So it is important to talk this through with your doctor.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends up to 10 treatments per patient. They say that the treatment should stop if the cancer continues to grow or if you have severe side effects. NICE says that docetaxel should be available to men who are able to look after themselves with only occasional help.
All chemotherapy has side effects. Those you get depend on
- Which drug or combination of drugs you have
- How much of each drug you have
- How you individually react
Some people have more side effects than others. And different drugs have different side effects. So we can't tell you exactly what will happen to you.
Chemotherapy has some general side effects though. Your blood cells divide rapidly, so chemotherapy can lower the number of healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets you have. This can mean that you
- Are more likely to get infections
- May be more tired than usual
- Can be prone to nosebleeds and other bleeding problems
If you develop a temperature above 38°C or think you have an infection, it is very important to contact the hospital immediately. You may need urgent treatment with antibiotics. Your doctor or chemotherapy nurse will give you an emergency number to phone if you need to. There is detailed information about the effect of chemotherapy on your blood cells in the cancer drugs side effects section.
Tiredness and weakness (fatigue) is the most common side effect for people having chemotherapy. It may continue for some months after your treatment ends. How quickly you get back to normal will depend on
- Your general health
- The amount of chemotherapy you've had
- Other treatments you have had
Other side effects of chemotherapy can include
- Feeling and being sick
- Hair loss or thinning
- A sore mouth and mouth ulcers
- Being unable to have a baby (infertility)
- Sore eyes – they may feel as if they have grit in them but eye drops can help
You can use the links above to go to pages in the cancer drugs side effects section that tell you about coping with these effects. Side effects may seem hard to bear at the time. But most of the effects disappear when your treatment ends.
Some drugs have unusual side effects. If you are having treatment with epirubicin remember that it can make your urine turn red for a couple of days after you have the drug. Some people worry that it is blood in the urine, which can be frightening.
There is quite a bit that can be done to reduce side effects. And most side effects only last for the few days that you are actually having the drugs. Tell your doctor or nurse about any side effects you have as soon as they develop, so that they can help treat them.
You can ask your doctor or nurse which of the side effects are most common with the chemotherapy drug you will have. Chemotherapy courses can seem to go on forever, particularly if you are getting very tired towards the end of your course. But they do finish. And the side effects will go once your treatment ends.
We don't yet know much scientifically about how some nutritional or herbal supplements may interact with chemotherapy. Some could be harmful. It is very important to let your doctors know if you take any supplements. Also let them know if you are prescribed therapies by alternative or complementary therapy practitioners.
Talk to your specialist about any other tablets or medicines you take while you are having active treatment. There is information about the safety of herbal, vitamin and diet supplements in the complementary therapies section.
Some studies seem to suggest that fish oil preparations may reduce the effectiveness of chemotherapy drugs. If you are taking, or thinking of taking, these supplements talk to your doctor to find out whether they could affect your treatment.
Look at the chemotherapy section. It explains the treatment in detail. If you are wondering about chemotherapy for prostate cancer, you can talk it over with your doctor. The cancer drugs section has information about the specific side effects of chemotherapy drugs.
You can contact the Cancer Research UK nurses. There are books and booklets about chemotherapy, some of which are free. Look in the prostate cancer reading list or the reading list about cancer and treatments.
If you want to find people to share experiences with online, you could use Cancer Chat, our online forum.
UK Prostate Link can direct you to more information about chemotherapy for prostate cancer.
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