Decorative image

Finding it early

Knowing what is normal for you helps to find cancer early.

Being aware of what is normal for you

Cancers are easiest to treat when they are found early. It's useful to know how your body normally looks and feels, and this includes your testicles. This makes it easier for you to notice any changes.

Check your testicles from time to time. Checking them weekly or monthly is unlikely to help you find testicular cancer earlier.

A good time to check your testicles is after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed.

Check your testicles for:

  • the size and weight
  • any lumps or swellings
When to see your doctor

You should see your doctor if you have:

  • an unusual lump or swelling in part of one testicle
  • a sharp pain in the testicle or scrotum
  • a heavy scrotum
  • an increase in the firmness or feel
  • an unusual difference between one testicle and the other

Your symptoms are unlikely to be cancer but it's important to get them checked by a doctor.

Last reviewed: 
22 Nov 2017
  • Testicular Cancer How to spot the signs and symptoms (Leaflet)

    Cancer Research UK 2015

  • Testicular Self-Examination (Leaflet)

    The British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) 2017

Information and help

Dangoor sponsorship

About Cancer generously supported by Dangoor Education since 2010.