All cancers combined Key Facts
Key messages on incidence, survival, mortality, risk factors (causes) and a summary table of the statistics for all cancers combined are given here.
- Download these Key Facts All cancers combined Key Facts
The latest statistics available for all cancers combined are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012, and survival 2010-2011. Source years are specified in the statistics table. Find out why these are the latest statistics available.
- There are more than 200 types of cancer, each with different causes, symptoms and treatments.
- More than 331,000 people were diagnosed with cancer in 2011 in the UK, that's around 910 people every day.
- Every two minutes someone in the UK is diagnosed with cancer.
- More than 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime.
- The risk of developing cancer up to the age of 50 years is 1 in 35 for men and 1 in 20 for women.
- Breast, lung, prostate and bowel cancers together account for over half of all new cancers each year.
- Cancer can develop at any age, but is most common in older people. More than a third of cancers are diagnosed in people aged 75 and over.
- Less than one per cent of all cancers in the UK occur in children (aged 0-14).
- Less than one per cent of all cancers in the UK occur in the teenagers and young adults (aged 15-24).
- Overall cancer incidence rates in Great Britain have increased by more than a third since the mid-1970s, with almost this entire rise occurring before the late 1990s.
- Cancer incidence rates in Great Britain have risen by 23% in males and by 43% in females since the mid-1970s.
- There have been large increases in the incidence of many cancers strongly linked to lifestyle, such as kidney, liver, skin (malignant melanoma, oral and uterine (womb).
- In males over the last decade in the UK stomach cancer incidence has decreased by almost a third, and lung cancer incidence has decreased by around a seventh.
- In females over the last decade in the UK, stomach cancer incidence has decreased by more than a quarter, and ovarian cancer incidence has decreased by around a tenth.
- Worldwide there were estimated to be around 14.1 million new cases of cancer in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
- In Europe, there were an estimated 3.44 million new cases of cancer in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 15th lowest in Europe for males and 8th highest for females.
- Cancer is the number one fear for the British public, feared ahead of debt, knife crime, Alzheimer’s disease and losing a job.
Read more in-depth UK cancer incidence statistics.
section reviewed 08/05/14
section updated 08/05/14
- Half of people diagnosed with cancer now survive their disease for at least ten years.
- Cancer survival rates in the UK have doubled in the last 40 years.
- Three-quarters of children are now cured of their disease, compared with around a quarter in the late 1960s.
Read more in-depth cancer survival statistics.
section reviewed 29/04/14
section updated 29/04/14
- Cancer causes more than one in four of all deaths in the UK.
- More than half of cancer deaths occur in people aged 75 and over.
- In the UK there were around 162, 000 deaths from cancer in 2012.
- In the UK in 2012, more than 440 people died from cancer every day, that's more than one person every four minutes.
- Cancer death rates in the UK have fallen by around a fifth over the last forty years and by 10% over the last decade.
- More than one in five of all cancer deaths are from lung cancer.
- Lung, bowel, breast and prostate cancers together account for almost half of all cancer deaths.
- Worldwide, it is estimated that around 8.2 million people died from cancer in 2012.
Read more in-depth UK cancer mortality statistics.
section reviewed 15/09/14
section updated 15/09/14
- An individual's risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, lifestyle and genetics.
- More than 40% of all cancers in the UK are linked to tobacco, alcohol, diet, being overweight, inactivity, infection, radiation, occupation, post-menopausal hormones, or breastfeeding for less than 6 months.
- Cigarette smoking is the single most important cause of preventable death in the UK.
- Smoking causes nearly a fifth of all cancers in the UK (including over 80% of lung cancers).
- Each year in the UK, around 17,000 cases of cancer are linked to being overweight or obese.
- Around 12,500 cancers in the UK each year are linked to alcohol.
- Research suggests that the risk of certain cancers is increased by a diet low in fibre, low in fruit and vegetables, high in red and processed meats, and high in salt.
- Excessive exposure to UV radiation (from the sun or sunbeds) is the most important modifiable risk factor for skin cancers.
- Physical activity protects against several cancer types, independently of its effect on body weight.
- A few infectious agents, especially certain viruses, play a key role in causing certain types of cancer.
- Reproductive factors such as the age at which a women has her first child, the number of children she has, and whether or not she breastfeeds, affect risk of the most common female cancers.
- Nearly 4% of cancers in the UK are linked to exposures at work.
Read more in-depth information on the causes of cancer.
section reviewed 22/02/13
section updated 07/12/11
|ALL CANCERS COMBINED||Males||Females||Persons||Country||Year4|
|Number of new cases per year1||167,487||164,000||331,487||UK||2011|
|Incidence rate per 100,000 population2||426.5||376.2||396.2|
|Number of deaths per year||85,068||76,755||161,823||UK||2012|
|Mortality rate per 100,000 population2||198.7||146.6||168.6|
|One-year survival rate1,3||66.7%||74.1%||70.4%||England & Wales||2010-2011|
|Five-year survival rate (predicted)1,3||49.3%||59.2%||54.3%|
|Ten-year survival rate (predicted)1,3||45.8%||53.7%||49.8%|
1. Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer 2. European age-standardised 3. Adults diagnosed
4. Latest statistics available
section reviewed 15/09/14
section updated 15/09/14
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