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All cancers combined Key Stats

All Cancers DoughnutKey messages on incidence, survival, mortality, risk factors (causes) and a summary table of the statistics for all cancers combined are given here.

More comprehensive information and statistics for all cancers combined is here: incidence, survival, mortality and risk factors (causes).

The latest statistics available for all cancers combined are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012, and survival 2010-2011. Source years are specified in the statistics table. Find out why these are the latest statistics available.

How common is cancer?

Read more in-depth UK cancer incidence statistics.

section reviewed 04/02/15
section updated 04/02/15

How many people survive cancer?

Read more in-depth cancer survival statistics.

section reviewed 29/04/14
section updated 29/04/14

How many people die from cancer?

Read more in-depth UK cancer mortality statistics.

section reviewed 15/09/14
section updated 15/09/14

What causes cancer?

  • A person’s risk of developing cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
  • 4 in 10 (42%) of cancer cases in the UK each year are linked to lifestyle factors.
  • In the last 5 years, almost 600,000 cancer cases in the UK could have been prevented.
  • Smoking is the largest single cause of cancer in the UK, linked to an estimated 19% of cancer cases in the UK each year. Lung cancer has the highest proportion of smoking-linked cases.
  • Diet (too little fruit, vegetables and fibre; too much red and processed meat and salt) is linked to an estimated 9% of cancer cases in the UK each year. Upper aero-digestive tract cancers (oral cavity and pharynx, oesophageal, and larynx) have the highest proportion of diet-linked cases.
  • Overweight and obesity is linked to an estimated 5% of cancer cases in the UK each year. Uterine, kidney and oesophageal cancers have the highest proportions of bodyweight-linked cases.
  • Alcohol is linked to an estimated 4% of cancer cases in the UK each year. Upper aero-digestive tract cancers (oral cavity and pharynx, larynx, and oesophageal) have the highest proportion of alcohol-linked cases.
  • Cervical, mesothelioma, oral, larynx, oesophageal and lung cancers have the highest proportions of cases linked to lifestyle factors. Prostate and testicular cancers have no established lifestyle factor links.
  • Certain medical conditions or immune system problems, and some medicines or treatments, may relate to higher risk of some cancer types.

Read more in-depth statistics on the causes of cancer in the UK

section reviewed 27/01/15
section updated 27/01/15

All cancers combined statistics table

ALL CANCERS COMBINED Males Females Persons Country Year4
Number of new cases per year1 167,487 164,000 331,487 UK 2011
Incidence rate per 100,000 population2 426.5 376.2 396.2
Number of deaths per year 85,068 76,755 161,823 UK 2012
Mortality rate per 100,000 population2 198.7 146.6 168.6
One-year survival1,3 66.7% 74.1% 70.4% England & Wales 2010-2011
Five-year survival (predicted)1,3 49.3% 59.2% 54.3%
Ten-year survival (predicted)1,3 45.8% 53.7% 49.8%

1. Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer     2. European age-standardised     3. Adults diagnosed     
4. Latest statistics available

More detailed statistics on all cancers combined can be found using these links: incidence, mortality, survival and risk factors.

section reviewed 15/09/14
section updated 15/09/14

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Question about cancer? Contact our information nurse team
Updated: 4 February 2015