Decorative image


Find out about the possible symptoms of vulval cancer and when to see your doctor.

What to look for

Symptoms can include:

  • a lasting itch
  • pain or soreness
  • thickened, raised, red, white or dark patches on the skin of the vulva
  • an open sore or growth visible on the skin
  • burning pain when you pass urine
  • vaginal discharge or bleeding
  • a mole on the vulva that changes shape or colour
  • a lump or swelling in the vulva
  • a lump in the groin

All these symptoms can be caused by other conditions, such as infection. If you have any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor. They can examine your vulva.

It is important to get treatment if you have an infection. It could turn out to be something more serious. It is even more important to get treatment if this is the case.

Treatment for thrush

If you think you keep getting thrush, don't just keep treating yourself with over the counter creams, such as Canesten.

It is worth going to the GP for a check up - just to make sure that thrush is the root cause of your discomfort. The itching could be a sign that you are developing vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).

Last reviewed: 
21 Jan 2016
  • 2014 UK national guideline on the management of vulval conditions

    S Edwards and others (2015) 

    International journal of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS Aug;26(9):611-24

  • Premalignant lesions of the lower female genital tract: cervix, vagina and vulva

    McCluggage WG (2013) 

    Pathology Apr;45(3):214-28

  • Cancer of the vulva (FIGO cancer report 2012) 

    F Hacker and others (2012) 

    International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 119S2 (2012) S90–S96

Information and help

Dangoor sponsorship

About Cancer generously supported by Dangoor Education since 2010.