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Tests to diagnose

Most men have a transrectal ultrasound and a prostate biopsy. Some men have an MRI scan. You might have one or more of these tests.

Transrectal ultrasound scan (TRUS)

A transrectal ultrasound scan (TRUS) is an examination of the prostate gland using ultrasound.

MRI scan

An MRI scan creates pictures using magnetism and radio waves. It can show up abnormal areas in the prostate gland.

Transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy

Doctors use this test to diagnose prostate cancer. They take samples of tissue from the prostate gland to look for cancer cells.

Transperineal (template or targeted) biopsy

Doctors may use this test to diagnose prostate cancer. You might have it if you've had a negative prostate biopsy but your doctor still thinks there could be a small cancer there.

Tests to stage

The stage of a cancer means how big it is and whether it’s spread.

Information and help