TC (Taxotere and cyclophosphamide)
This page tells you about the chemotherapy drug combination called TC (Taxotere and cyclophosphamide) and its side effects. There is information about
TC is the name of a combination of chemotherapy drugs used to treat breast cancer. It is made up of the drugs
- Docetaxel (also called Taxotere)
The links above take you to information about the individual side effects of each drug.
You usually have docetaxel (Taxotere) and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy as cycles of treatment. Each cycle of treatment lasts 3 weeks. You have 4 cycles, taking 3 months (12 weeks) in total.
You have Taxotere and cyclophosphamide into your bloodstream (intravenously). You can have them through a thin, short tube (a cannula) put into a vein in your arm each time you have treatment. Or you may have them through a central line, a portacath or a PICC line. These are long, plastic tubes that give the drugs directly into a large vein in your chest.
Every 3 weeks you have
- Taxotere as a drip over about an hour
- Cyclophosphamide as a drip over 30 to 60 minutes
The side effects of a combination of drugs are usually a mixture of those of each drug. The combination may increase or decrease your chance of getting each side effect or it may change the severity. The side effects associated with TC are listed below. You can use the blue links to find out more about each one. For general information, see our side effects of cancer drugs section.
More than 10 in every 100 people have one or more of these effects
- An increased risk of getting an infection from a drop in white blood cells – it is harder to fight infections and you can become very ill. You may have headaches, aching muscles, a cough, a sore throat, pain passing urine, or you may feel cold and shivery. If you have a severe infection this can be life threatening. Contact your treatment centre straight away if you have any of these effects or if your temperature goes above 38°C
- Tiredness and breathlessness due to a drop in red blood cells (anaemia) – you may need a blood transfusion
- Bruising more easily due to a drop in platelets – you may have nosebleeds, bleeding gums after brushing your teeth, or lots of tiny red spots or bruises on your arms or legs (known as petechia)
- Tiredness and weakness (fatigue) during and after treatment – most people find their energy levels are back to normal within 6 months to a year
- Fluid build up occurs in about 5 out of 10 people (50%) and may cause swelling of the hands and feet, breathlessness, and weight gain – you usually have steroids to help prevent this effect
- Feeling or being sick, which is usually well controlled with anti sickness medicines
- Numbness and tingling in hands and feet – you may also have a change in how things feel when you touch them, which can make doing fiddly things difficult (for example, doing up buttons)
- Hair loss – in 8 out of 10 people (80%) hair falls out completely but it grows back once the treatment ends
- Diarrhoea – drink plenty of fluids and tell your doctor or nurse if diarrhoea becomes severe, or continues for more than 3 days
- Loss of appetite
- A sore mouth
- A rash, which may be itchy, affects 5 out of 10 people (50%)
- Some people develop soreness, redness and peeling on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet (palmar – plantar syndrome), which may cause tingling, numbness, pain and dryness
- Your nails may become discoloured and ridged
- An allergic reaction during the drip – more than 2 out of 10 people (20%) have an allergic reaction to docetaxel. This nearly always happens in the first 10 minutes. If you are going to have a reaction, it is most likely the first or second time you have the drug. Your chemotherapy nurse will monitor you closely for this
- Women may stop having periods (amenorrhoea) but this may be temporary
- Loss of fertility – you may not be able to get pregnant or father a child after treatment with this drug. It is important to talk to your doctor about your fertility before starting treatment if you think you may want to have a baby in the future
Between 1 and 10 in every 100 people have one or more of these effects.
- Inflammation around the drip site – if you notice any signs of redness, swelling or leaking at your drip site, tell your chemotherapy nurse straight away
- Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) can cause pain and occasionally blood when passing urine. If you see blood in your urine contact your doctor or nurse straight away. You need to drink about 2 pints of fluid a day. You will have extra fluids through the drip too
- Aching muscles and joints
- A high temperature (fever)
Fewer than 1 in 100 people have these effects.
- Changes in lung tissue may lead to a cough or breathlessness
- Damage to heart muscle, which is usually temporary but for a small number of people may be permanent – your doctor will check your heart before and after your treatment
- There is a small risk that you may get a second cancer some years after cyclophosphamide treatment
Not everyone will get these side effects. You may have one or two or several. A side effect may get worse through your course of treatment. Or you may have more side effects as the course goes on. This depends on
- How many times you've had a drug before
- Your general health
- How much of the drug you have (the dose)
- Other drugs you are having
Coping with side effects
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse about all your side effects so they can help you manage them. They can give you advice or reassure you. Your nurse will give you a contact number to ring if you have any questions or problems. If in doubt, call them.
Tell your doctor about any other medicines you are taking, including vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter remedies. Some drugs can react together.
Pregnancy and contraception
These drugs may harm a baby developing in the womb. It is important not to become pregnant while you are having this treatment and for a few months afterwards. Talk to your doctor or nurse about effective contraception before starting treatment.
Do not breastfeed during the treatment because the drugs may come through in the breast milk.
You should not have immunisations with live vaccines while you are having chemotherapy or for at least 6 months afterwards. In the UK, these include rubella, mumps, measles (usually given together as MMR), BCG, yellow fever and Zostavax (shingles vaccine).
You can have other vaccines, but they may not give you as much protection as usual until your immune system has fully recovered from your chemotherapy. It is safe to have the flu vaccine.
It is safe for you to be in contact with other people who've had live vaccines as injections. There can be problems with vaccines you take by mouth (oral vaccines), but not many people in the UK have these now. So there is usually no problem in being with any baby or child who has recently had any vaccination in the UK. You might need to make sure that you aren't in contact with anyone who has had oral polio, cholera or typhoid vaccination recently, particularly if you live abroad.
This page does not list all the very rare side effects of this treatment that are very unlikely to affect you. For further information about these drugs look at the Electronic Medicines Compendium website at www.medicines.org.uk.
If you have a side effect not mentioned here that you think may be due to this treatment you can report it to the Medicines Health and Regulatory Authority (MHRA) at www.mhra.gov.uk.
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