Find out about what celecoxib is, how you have it and other important information about having celecoxib.
Celecoxib is a cancer treatment drug and is also known by its brand name, Celebrex.
Its a treatment sometimes used to try and prevent bowel cancer in people at high risk of developing it.
Clinical trials are looking at whether celecoxib can treat or prevent other types of cancer, including:
- prostate cancer
- breast cancer
- bladder cancer
How it works
Celecoxib is one of a group of drugs called COX-2 inhibitors.
COX-2 inhibitors are a type of anti inflammatory drug. They block a protein called COX-2 that causes inflammation and pain. COX-2 inhibitors are used to control pain caused by some medical conditions such as arthritis.
There is some evidence that the enzyme COX-2 may also help cancers to grow.
How you have it
Celecoxib is a capsule. You swallow it whole with a glass of water. You can take it with or without food.
You should take the right dose, not more or less.
Never stop taking a cancer drug without talking to your specialist first.
When you have it
As a painkiller you may take it once or twice a day. As a prevention or treatment for cancer you take it once a day. Try to take it at the same time each day.
Tests during treatment
You have blood tests before starting treatment and during your treatment. They check your levels of blood cells and other substances in the blood. They also check how well your liver and kidneys are working.
Other medicines, foods and drink
Cancer drugs can interact with some other medicines and herbal products. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any medicines you are taking. This includes vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter remedies.
Pregnancy and contraception
This drug may harm a baby developing in the womb. It is important not to become pregnant while you are having treatment and for a few months afterwards. Talk to your doctor or nurse about effective contraception before starting treatment.
Don’t breastfeed during this treatment because the drug may come through in your breast milk.
Treatment for other conditions
Always tell other doctors, nurses or dentists that you’re having this treatment if you need treatment for anything else, including teeth problems.
More information about this treatment
For further information about this treatment go to the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC) website.
You can report any side effect you have to the Medicines Health and Regulatory Authority (MHRA) as part of their Yellow Card Scheme.