Surgery is one of the main treatments for many types of cancer. Find out about when and why you might have it and what to expect before and after your operation.


Chemotherapy is anti cancer drug treatment. Find out about when you might have it, how you have it and possible side effects.


Find out about cancer treatment with radiotherapy, including external radiotherapy, internal radiotherapy, side effects, radiotherapy for symptoms and follow up after treatment.

Cancer drugs

Find out about individual cancer drugs, cancer drug combinations, possible side effects and how to cope with them.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy blocks or lowers the amount of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the growth of cancer.

Biological therapy

Biological therapy is a type of drug treatment, it is sometimes called targeted treatment. There are a number of different types. They are a treatment for some, but not all, types of cancer.


This section tells you about bisphosphonates, including how they work and possible side effects.

Bone marrow and stem cell transplants

Bone marrow or stem cell transplant are treatments for some types of cancer. You have them with high dose chemotherapy and sometimes radiotherapy.

Complementary and alternative therapies

Learn what complementary and alternative therapies are, how they're used and what research there is.

Palliative treatment

Read about palliative treatment and how it can be used to relieve symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

Other treatments

These are cancer treatments using medical technologies (interventional treatments) including laser treatment, photodynamic therapy and cryotherapy.

Access to treatment

Find out how decisions are made about which cancer treatments are available on the NHS. See how you can ask for a second opinion, make a complaint about your care, and who can support you with this.

Treatments in development

Find out about some of the treatments in development for cancer.

Last reviewed: 
16 Jan 2017

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