91% of children survive cancer (all childhood cancers combined) for at least one year, and this falls to 82% surviving for five years or more, as shown by actuarial survival for children diagnosed with cancer during 2006-2010 in Great Britain.[1,2]
Childhood Cancer, One-, Five- and Ten-Year Actuarial Survival, Children (Aged 0-14), Great Britain, 2001-2005 and 2006-2010
Childhood cancer survival continues to fall slightly beyond five years after diagnosis. 76% of children survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by actuarial survival for children diagnosed with cancer during 2001-2005 in Great Britain. The vast majority of these long-term survivors will be cured of their cancer, though intensive treatments mean that some groups of survivors experience higher death rates beyond 25 years from diagnosis compared with the general population.
Childhood Cancer, Actuarial Survival up to Ten Years after Diagnosis, Children (Aged 0-14), Great Britain, 2001-2005
Survival for childhood cancer is reported in Scotland and Northern Ireland,[4,5] though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.
Survival varies greatly according to the type of childhood cancer diagnosed. For the broad diagnostic groups, ten-year actuarial survival for children diagnosed during 2001-2005 in Great Britain ranges from 99% for retinoblastoma to 57% for bone sarcoma (all subtypes combined).[1,2]
Childhood Cancer Diagnostic Groups, Ten-Year Actuarial Survival, Children (Aged 0-14), Great Britain, 2001-2005
- National Cancer Intelligence Network. National Registry of Childhood Tumours Progress Report, 2012. Oxford: NRCT; 2013.
- Ten-year actuarial survival, children aged 0-14 years, Great Britain, 1971-2005 data were provided by Charles Stiller at the National Registry of Childhood Tumours on request in 2013.
- Reulen RC, Winter DL, Frobisher C, et al. Long-term cause-specific mortality among survivors of childhood cancer. JAMA 2010;304(2):172-9.
- Information Services Division Scotland. Childhood Cancers in Scotland (1983-2007). Edinburgh: ISD Scotland; 2011.
- Northern Ireland Cancer Registry. Childhood Cancer: Incidence & Survival 1993-2012. Belfast: NICR.