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It’s important to use reliable sources of information to find out the facts about cancer. You can find information about some common controversies in this section.
But stories about possible cancer causes often make the news, and it isn’t always clear which ideas are supported by good evidence.
The non-ionising radiation from mobile phones and phone masts is too weak to damage DNA and doesn’t cause cancer.
No, artificial sweeteners in our food and drink, like aspartame, do not increase the risk of cancer.
Eating foods high in acrylamide, like toast, charred root vegetables or roast potatoes will not increase your risk of cancer.
No, being stressed doesn’t directly increase the risk of cancer.
Drinking from plastic bottles or using plastic containers and food bags won’t increase your risk of cancer.
Eating genetically modified (GM) foods doesn’t cause cancer.
Eating foods grown on farms that use pesticides or herbicides doesn’t increase cancer risk.
Some medical scans, including x-rays, use small amounts of ionising radiation. But the health risks are low and usually outweighed by the benefit of having a scan, if your doctor recommends it.
Using cosmetics doesn't cause cancer. UK law is very strict about ingredients in cosmetics.
Injury, trauma, or a blow to the breast does not cause cancer.
Eating and drinking milk and dairy can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. But there is no proof it affects the risk of any other cancer type.
Sources of cancer news: