Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays to treat cancer cells.
You have your treatment in the hospital radiotherapy department. You usually have it Monday to Friday. The treatment can last from 1 to 5 weeks.
You need to travel to the hospital each time you have treatment. Some hospitals have rooms nearby where you can stay.
You go to the radiotherapy department from your ward if you are staying in hospital.
The radiotherapy room
Radiotherapy machines are very big. They rotate around you to give you your treatment. The machine doesn't touch you at any point.
Before you start your course of treatment your
Before each treatment session
The radiographers help you to get onto the treatment couch. You might need to raise your arms over your head.
The radiographers line up the radiotherapy machine using the marks on your body. Once you are in the right position, they leave the room.
During the treatment
You need to lie very still on your back. Your radiographers might take images (x-rays or scans) before your treatment to make sure that you're in the right position. The machine makes whirring and beeping sounds. You won’t feel anything when you have the treatment.
Your radiographers can see and hear you on a CCTV screen in the next room. They can talk to you over an intercom and might ask you to hold your breath or take shallow breaths at times. You can also talk to them through the intercom or raise your hand if you need to stop or if you're uncomfortable.
You won't be radioactive
This type of radiotherapy won't make you radioactive. It's safe to be around other people, including pregnant women and children.
Travelling to radiotherapy appointments
Tell the radiotherapy department if you prefer treatment at a particular time of day. They can try to arrange this.
Car parking can be difficult at hospitals. It’s worth asking the radiotherapy unit staff:
- if they can give you a hospital parking permit
- about discounted parking rates
- where you can get help with travel fares
- for tips on free places to park nearby
If you have no other way to get to the hospital, the radiotherapy staff might be able to arrange hospital transport for you. But it might not always be at convenient times. To see if you're eligible they usually work it out based on your earnings or income.
Some hospitals have their own drivers or can arrange ambulances. Some charities offer hospital transport.
Radiotherapy side effects
Radiotherapy can cause side effects, including:
- feeling and being sick
- skin changes
Combining chemotherapy and radiotherapy
Occasionally doctors might suggest having chemotherapy and radiotherapy together to try and shrink the cancer. They call this chemoradiotherapy.
Chemoradiotherapy is not standard treatment for advanced bile duct cancer. We need more research to know how well it works.
It can cause more severe side effects than chemotherapy or radiotherapy on their own and can make some people feel very ill.