Teenage and young adult cancer risk is strongly linked with age and sex.
Teenagers’ and young adults’ cancers risk factors
Early-onset breast, digestive (e.g. bowel and stomach), and genitourinary (e.g. bladder, testicular and ovarian) cancers, glioma (a type of brain tumour), and bone tumours are associated with cancer in childhood.
Early-onset breast cancer, adrenocortical carcinoma (a type of kidney tumour), soft tissue sarcoma, bone sarcoma, and brain, other central nervous system (CNS) and intracranial tumours are associated with
Cervical, anal, vaginal, vulval, penis and oral cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV vaccination is available for teenage girls in the UK.
Brain and other CNS tumours, germ cell tumours (including testicular, ovarian and non-gonadal germ cell tumours), liver and skin cancers are associated with congenital disorders.
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