40% of penile cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Penile cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Penile Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'Probable' evidence||
- Parkin DM. Cancers attributable to infection in the UK in 2010. Br J Cancer 2011;105(S2):S49-S56.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 117*. Accessed January 2017.
- World Cancer Research Fund International/American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed January 2017.