Penile cancer incidence statistics

Cases

New cases of penile cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all cases

Percentage penile cancer is of total cancer cases, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of penile cancer cases, 2012-2014, UK

Trend since 1970s

Penile cancer incidence rates have increased since the late 1970s, GB

 

In 2014, there were 632 new cases of penile cancer in the UK.[1-4] The crude incidence rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 2 new penile cancer cases for every 100,000 males in the UK.

The European age-standardised incidence rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) do not differ significantly between the constituent countries of the UK.[1-4]

Penile Cancer (C60), Number of New Cases, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, Males, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Cases 513 33 70 16 632
Crude Rate 1.9 2.2 2.7 1.8 2.0
AS Rate 2.2 2.3 3.0 2.5 2.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 2.0 1.5 2.3 1.3 2.1
AS Rate - 95% UCL 2.4 3.1 3.7 3.8 2.5

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item.

For penile cancer, like most cancer types, differences between countries largely reflect risk factor prevalence in years past.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About this data

Data is for UK, 2014, ICD10 C60

Last reviewed:

Penile cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older males. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year more than 4 in 10 (43%) cases were diagnosed in males aged 70 and over.[1-4]

Age-specific incidence rates rise sharply from around age 35-39, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group.[1-4

Penile Cancer (C60), Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates, Males, UK, 2012-2014

For penile cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

Reference

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/cancerregistrationstatisticsengland/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales on request, June 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wcisu.wales.nhs.uk.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, May 2016. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.

About thia data

Data is for UK, 2012-2014, ICD-10 C60

Last reviewed:

Penile cancer incidence rates have increased by 25% in males in Great Britain since the late 1970s.[1-3] This includes a faster increase in more recent years.

European age-standardised (AS) Open a glossary item incidence rates increased by 14% between 1979-1981 and 2008-2010, and have since increased by 10%.

Penile Cancer (C60), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Great Britain, 1979-2013

ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2002-2004 and 2011-2013), penile cancer AS incidence rates in males have increased by 25%.[1-4]

Penile Cancer (C60), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2013

ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

Penile cancer incidence rates have increased in the middle adult age groups, and remained stable overall in the youngest and oldest age groups in Great Britain since the late 1970s.[1-3] The largest increase has been in males aged 50-59, with European AS incidence rates increasing by 98% between 1979-1981 and 2011-2013. In males aged 60-69, rates remained stable until 1993-1995 and have since increased by 67%. Incidence rates in males aged 70-79 followed a similar pattern, with rates remaining stable until 2002-2004 and since increasing by 35%. In males aged 80+, European AS incidence rates have fluctuated but remained stable overall since the late 1970s.

Penile Cancer (C60), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, by Age, Great Britain, 1979-2013

ASR calculated with ESP2013. Not comparable with ASRs calculated with ESP1976.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/search/index.html?newquery=cancer+registrations.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, February 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242pid=59080.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, March 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
Last reviewed:

The largest proportion of penile cancer cases occur in the glans penis, with a slightly smaller proportion in the prepuce, and a much smaller proportion in the body of the penis (2010-2012).[1-4]

A large proportion of cases did not have the specific part of the penis recorded in cancer registry data, or overlapped more than one part.[1-4]

Cases and percentages may not sum due to rounding

Reference

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, July 2014. Similar data can be found here:
    http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/vsob1/cancer-statistics-registrations--england--series-mb1-/index.html.
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp.
  3. Data were provided by the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit on request, April 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sites3/page.cfm?orgid=242&pid=59080.
  4. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, June 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/CancerInformation/.
Last reviewed:

The lifetime risk of developing penile cancer is around 1 in 585 for men, in 2012 in the UK.[1]

The lifetime risk for penile cancer has been calculated on the assumption that the possibility of having more than one diagnosis of penile cancer over the course of a lifetime is very low (‘Current Probability’ method).[2]

References

  1. Lifetime risk estimates calculated by the Statistical Information Team at Cancer Research UK. Based on data provided by the Office of National Statistics, ISD Scotland, the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit and the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry, on request, December 2013 to July 2014.
  2. Esteve J, Benhamou E and Raymond L. Descriptive epidemiology. IARC Scientific Publications No.128, Lyon, International Agency for Research on Cancer, pp 67-68 1994.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between penile cancer incidence and deprivation in England.[1] England-wide data for 2006-2010 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item incidence rates are 59% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Penile Cancer (C60), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates by Deprivation Quintile, Males, England, 2006-2010

The estimated deprivation gradient in penile cancer incidence between males living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 1996-2010.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 70 fewer cancer cases each year in England during 2006-2010 if all males experienced the same incidence rates as the least deprived.[1

Last reviewed:

Cancer Statistics Explained

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