91% (93% in males and 85% in females) of oral cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Oral cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Oral Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'Convincing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
A Oral cavity; b Pharynx; c Tonsil; d Salivary gland; e Nasopharynx; f Lip; g WCRF/AICR classification is for mouth, pharynx and larynx; h IARC classifies evidence on Chinese-style salted fish as sufficient, WCRF/AICR classifies evidence on Cantonese-style salted fish as probable
- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. 16. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. Br J Cancer 2011;105(S2):S77-S81.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 116*. Accessed October 2016.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.