Oesophageal cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from oesophageal cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Deaths from oesophageal cancer, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of oesophageal cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Oesophageal cancer mortality rates have increased by 46% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 5% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the UK (6% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the sixth most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (3% of all female cancer deaths).

In 2014, there were 7,790 oesophageal cancer deaths in the UK: 5,213 (67%) in males and 2,577 (33%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 20:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 16 oesophageal cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 8 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates (AS rates) Open a glossary item significantly higher in Scotland compared with England for males and females. For females only, the rate in Scotland is also significantly higher than that in Northern Ireland. There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.[1-3]

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 4,274 274 535 130 5,213
Crude Rate 16.0 18.0 20.6 14.4 16.4
AS Rate 19.3 20.0 24.1 19.6 19.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 18.7 17.6 22.1 16.2 19.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 19.9 22.3 26.2 22.9 20.3
Female Deaths 2,046 155 315 61 2,577
Crude Rate 7.4 9.9 11.4 6.5 7.9
AS Rate 7.4 8.8 11.1 7.3 7.8
AS Rate - 95% LCL 7.1 7.4 9.8 5.4 7.5
AS Rate - 95% UCL 7.7 10.2 12.3 9.1 8.1
Persons Deaths 6,320 429 850 191 7,790
Crude Rate 11.6 13.9 15.9 10.4 12.1
AS Rate 12.8 13.8 17.0 12.8 13.2
AS Rate - 95% LCL 12.5 12.5 15.8 11.0 13.0
AS Rate - 95% UCL 13.2 15.1 18.1 14.6 13.5

95% LCL and UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

Oesophageal cancer mortality rates throughout the UK show some variation between health boundaries for both males and females, with the highest rates being in North West England, and Northern and Western Scotland. The lowest rates are in areas of London, Anglia and Southern England.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
  4. NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
  5. NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.
Last reviewed:

Oesophageal cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost half (48%) of deaths were in people aged 75 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise sharply from around age 45-49, with the highest rates in the 90+ age group. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 35-39 and over and this gap is widest at the ages of 40-44, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 45:10.[1-3]

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

Oesophageal cancer mortality rates have increased by 46% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall increase for males than females. For both sexes there has been an increase followed by a decrease during this time.

For males, European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates increased by 72% between 1971-1973 and 2003-2005 and then decreased by 7% between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014. For females rates increased by 35% between 1971-1973 and 1995-1997 and then decreased by 17% between 1995-1997 and 2012-2014.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), oesophageal cancer AS mortality rates have decreased by 8% for males and females combined, with a similar decrease in males (7%) and females (12%).[1-3]

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Oesophageal cancer mortality rates have increased overall in males in all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest increase has been in males aged 80+, with rates rising by 71% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Males, UK, 1971-2014

Oesophageal cancer mortality rates have increased overall for females  aged 70-79 and 80+ in the UK since the early 1970s,, but have  decreased overall for the 25-49 age group.[1-3] The largest increase has been in females aged 80+, with rates increasing by around 29% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Females, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between oesophageal cancer mortality and deprivation for both males and females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 60% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, and 50% higher for females.[1]

Oesophageal Cancer (C15), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in oesophageal cancer mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 1,100 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

Last reviewed:

Oesophageal cancer is the 13th most common cause of cancer death in Europe, with around 39,500 deaths from oesophageal cancer in 2012 (2% of the total). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for oesophageal cancer are in the UK for both men and women; the lowest rates are in Macedonia for men and the Republic of Moldova for women.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Oesophageal cancer is the 6th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 400,000 deaths from oesophageal cancer in 2012 (5% of the total). Oesophageal cancer mortality rates are highest in Eastern Asia and Eastern Africa and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from:http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
Last reviewed:

Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

Citation

You are welcome to reuse this Cancer Research UK statistics content for your own work.

Credit us as authors by referencing Cancer Research UK as the primary source. Suggested styles are:

Web content: Cancer Research UK, full URL of the page, Accessed [month] [year]. 

Publications: Cancer Research UK ([year of publication]), Name of publication, Cancer Research UK. 

Rate this page:

Currently rated: 2.8 out of 5 based on 5 votes
Thank you!
We've recently made some changes to the site, tell us what you think

Share this page