Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 5% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the UK (6% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the sixth most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (3% of all female cancer deaths).
In 2014, there were 7,790 oesophageal cancer deaths in the UK: 5,213 (67%) in males and 2,577 (33%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 20:10.[1-3] The
Oesophageal Cancer (C15), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||18.7||17.6||22.1||16.2||19.2|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||19.9||22.3||26.2||22.9||20.3|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||7.1||7.4||9.8||5.4||7.5|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||7.7||10.2||12.3||9.1||8.1|
|AS Rate - 95% LCL||12.5||12.5||15.8||11.0||13.0|
|AS Rate - 95% UCL||13.2||15.1||18.1||14.6||13.5|
95% LCL and UCL are the 95% lower and upper
Oesophageal cancer mortality rates throughout the UK show some variation between health boundaries for both males and females, with the highest rates being in North West England, and Northern and Western Scotland. The lowest rates are in areas of London, Anglia and Southern England.[4,5]
- Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
- Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
- Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
- NCIN. Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Cancer Network, UK, 2005. London: NCIN; 2008.
- NCIN. Cancer e-Atlas. European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK (England: former Primary Care Trusts; Wales; Scotland: NHS Health Boards; Northern Ireland: Health and Social Care Trusts), 2009-2011.