6% of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (all subtypes combined) cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk Factors
|Increases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May increase risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)||Decreases risk ('sufficient' or 'convincing' evidence)||May decrease risk ('limited' or 'probable' evidence)|
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classification. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classification does not include non-Hodgkin lymphoma because it is not generally recognised to have a relationship to food, nutrition, and physical activity.
a Classification for ‘lymphoma’ not NHL specifically. b Classification for adult T-cell lymphoma. c Classification for primary effusion lymphoma. d Classification for low-grade B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) gastric lymphoma.
- Parkin DM. 11. Cancers attributable to infection in the UK in 2010. Brit J Cancer 2011;105 Suppl 2:S49-56.
- Cogliano VJ, Baan R, Straif K, et al. Preventable Exposures Associated With Human Cancers. JNCI 2011;103(24):1827-39.
- World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington DC: AICR; 2007.